2.1.2 Infections of the GI Tract Flashcards Preview

GI and Nutrition > 2.1.2 Infections of the GI Tract > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2.1.2 Infections of the GI Tract Deck (35):
1

What is this an image of?

Primary herpes simplex - lesion on the gums

2

What is this an image of?

Giardiasis - block absorption of water

3

How is campylobacter jejuni transmitted?

Transmitted orally by milk, water or food

4

What is the most common cause of clinical esophagitis?

Gastro-esophageal reflux disease

5

What is this an image of?

Pseudomembranous colitis

Dirty yellow membrane

6

What is this an image of?

Kaposi Sarcoma

7

What are these an image of?

Giardiasis - cysts

8

What is the pathophysiology associated with Shigellosis?

Invasive organism is taken up by M or epithelial cells; toxin proliferates intracellulary, escapes through lamina propria is phagocytosed by macrophages and causes apoptosis

9

What are the characteristics of entero-hemorrhagic E. coli?

10

What is thought to be the cause of Kaposi Sarcoma?

Herpes Virus

11

Esophagitis, is usually only due to infection in immunocompromised patients. Who are the culprits to think about?

CMV

Herpes Simplex

Candidiasis 

12

What are the typical symptoms of enterocolitis?

Diarrhea and abdominal pain

13

What are the characteristics of Giardiasis?

14

What infectious agent is associated with chronic gastritis?

Helicobacter pylori

15

Who are the main culprits of the enteritis?

Salmonellosis

Shigellosis

Cholera

 

16

Campylobacter jejuni has what symptoms?

Most common cause of traveler's diarrhea

 

Watery or Severe bloody diarrhead/dysentery

Classically disease of children

17

What is this an image of?

H pylori

Need silver or dieterle stain

18

What is this an image of?

Oral thrush (Candidiasis)

Over growth of yeast

19

Shigellosis causes what of the epithelium?

Necrosis

20

Shigellosis produces what type of symptoms?

Dysenteric syndrome (invasive)

Pseudomembranes may be seen

21

What is this an image of?

Herpes simplex infection

Inclusion bodies

22

What is enterocolitis?

Inflammation or infection of the small intestine

23

24

Cholera produces what type of diarrhea?

Osmotic diarrhea 

25

What is this an image of?

Primary Herpes simplex - palate

Vesicular rash on erythematous base

26

What is this an image of with Hektoen agar?

Salmonellosis

27

What are the characteristics of enter-invasive E. coli?

28

What are the characteristics of entero-toxigenic E. coli?

29

What is this an image of?

Fungal Esophagitis - Candida albicans

pseudohyphae - extension of the yeast body

30

What is this an image of?

Herpes simplex - Viral esophagitis

 

31

What bacteria are associated with bloody diarrhea?

Salmonella and Shigella spp.

32

What are the characteristics of pseudomembranous colitis?

Also treated with fecal transplant

Also know that C. Diff has to have a toxin screen and not a bacterial culture

33

What is this an image of?

Typhoidal ulcer in the small intestine

34

What are the characteristics of entero-aggregative E. coli?

35

Salmonellosis is a common contaminant of what?

Poultry and dairy products

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