3.4.2 Nutrition in the Elderly Flashcards Preview

GI and Nutrition > 3.4.2 Nutrition in the Elderly > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.4.2 Nutrition in the Elderly Deck (21):
1

How can antioxidants be related to cataracts or AMD?

No effect on cataracts

Little to no benefit in patients with no AMD or little AMD

Patients with moderate or advanced AMD - zinc and antioxidants reduced risk to advanced AMD or loss of vision

2

What is the most common cause of blindness in the developed world?

Age related macular degeneration

 

3

Why is anemia a problem with poor nutrition?

Can lead to fatigue and depressive symptoms

4

Why is a nutrition important in elderly?

Poor nutrition (hypoalbuminemia) is a cardinal sign for higher morbidity and mortality Poor nutrition leads to dehydration and increased risk of hospital

5

Why is dehydration a risk for elderly?

Decreased thirst and decreased ability to concentrate urine

6

What is DETERMINE checklist?

7

What can be the results of a B12 deficiency and calcium deficiency associated with poor nutrition?

B12 - Cognitive effects and gait instability

Calcium - osteoperosis and osteopenia

8

What are some things that you can recommend to patients?

Protein shakes - take in between meals

Dietary/nutrition consultation

Improve their environment

Communication with patient and family

Meals on wheels

 

9

What can a patient do to increase a patients colon health?

Fiber

Unprocessed grains to max transit time

 

10

What can be the consequences of a Vitamin D deficiency?

Worsened balance

Depression

Fractures

11

What is the most common fluid disturbance in elderly?

Dehydration

12

What is undernutrition?

Syndrome characterized by weight loss and compromised protein status

 

13

What is the clinical approach to nutrition in the elderly?

14

What are some of the barriers to good nutrition?

15

What should you look for in a physical exam?

16

What is the importance of temporal wasting?

It shows that a patient may not be getting enough nutrition

17

What are some of the social barriers to good nutrition?

18

What are low disease risk fruits and veggies?

Fruit - Citrus, melon, and berries Veggies - dark green veggies, deep yellow and orange, tomatoes

19

What is the key to long life?

High HDL Higher vitamin A and E Low superoxide dismutase Fish oil!

20

What is considered bad weight loss?

10% over 6 months or 5% in one month

21

What are some good natural antiinflammatory agents to suggest?

Curry and turmeric - contain curcumin

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