23012018 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 23012018 Deck (10):
1

See archaeology as a system

- e.g. the so-called “cave people” and “river people” might be the same group of people

2

Seasonality

- Identify season by distinctive corps, animal behaviors that can only be found during certain seasons

3

*Human agency

- *Individuals vs society

4

Bias

- Dominated by male, great people
> Study in particular process
> Should identify the bias
> (?) Female, commoners

5

Binford

- Bring scientific approach to archaeological studies
- Use hypotheses and test:
- e.g. Find partially burned woods within a specific site
> Possibilities: dangers approach, cooking style
> Cooking style: smoking > Find out what natives people doing

6

Sediment archaeology
(Developed in 1960s)

- Key questions:
1) How did people organize on landscape?
> Mountains, river; living apart, close to each other
2) How did they make living?
> Fishing, hunting
3) Political — social systems
4) Economic interaction with the environment
- Possible smallest single unit the archaeologists look at = a single building (sometimes burial of individual)
> Social unit in a household: family
> A group of household: community
> A lot of sites organizes ard each other: community spaced each other, community with neighbors
> Several cities in a valley: kingdom or nation

7

Sediment hierarchy

- A mind map:
> Core in the center: city
> 1st branch (secondary center): hamlets
> 2nd branch from hamlets: house
- How did people interact with each other?
> Core:
1) governing body > collecting taxes, food
2) trade market for economical activities
3) some direct controls on the hamlets
> Branches:
1) Bring resources that the city did NOT have

8

Padersdrian Survey in a jungle site

- Only give a small portion of lands
- Pros: work with limited resources, funding, man power, etc.
- Cons: miss some important info, even big city

9

New technology (1st step: NOT cut down trees in the jungles)

- Small plane: laser
> Bounce back
> On computer: peel away buildings / things on the ground surface
> Reveal things exist underground

10

Speaker’s research focus

Maya cultural context in Burlee