25 - Restless Legs Syndrome Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 25 - Restless Legs Syndrome Deck (9):
1

RLS responds to ______ therapy

dopaminergic

2

What is RLS believed to be caused by?

-genetic component
-dysfunctional dopaminergic transmission
-low brain iron stores

3

What is secondary RLS associated with ?

DM, ESRD, iron deficiency, MS, PD, pregnancy and venous insufficiency

4

Non-pharms for RLS?

-mental alertness activities to reduce symptoms during times of boredom
-abstain from alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine
-hot baths
-stretching, moderate amounts of exercise
-get enough sleep
-d/c meds that may be blocking dopamine (antipsychotics, dopamine blocking anti-emetics and sedating AHs)

5

If _____ deficient, then supplement

iron

6

Options for intermittent RLS

-levodopa
-BZD
-low dose opioids (codeine)

7

Options for chronic persistent RLS

-dopamine agonists
-GABA derivatives

8

Options for pregnancy?

None of these drugs are first line for pregnancy
-rule out iron, magnesium or folate deficiency
-non-pharms
-can use opioids if necessary

9

Options for breastfeeding?

gaba derivatives and levodopa may be ok

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