29a. Latin to English Flashcards Preview

Wheelock's Latin Self-tutorial Exercises > 29a. Latin to English > Flashcards

Flashcards in 29a. Latin to English Deck (65):
1

1. What is the easy rule for the recognition and formation of the imperfect subjunctive active and passive?

1. Present active infinitive + personal endings.

2

2. Does this rule apply to such irregular verbs as sum and possum?

2. yes.

3

3.1 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: vocāret

3.1 imperfect subjunctive, 3 sg.

4

3.2 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: invenīrent

3.2 imperfect subjunctive, 3 pl.

5

3.3 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: vidērēmus

3.3 imperfect subjunctive, 1 pl.

6

3.4 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: dīcerem

3.4 imperfect subjunctive, 1 sg.

7

3.5 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: ēriperēs

3.5 imperfect subjunctive, 2 sg.

8

3.6 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: servet

3.6 present subjunctive, 3 sg.

9

3.7 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: servārētis

3.7 imperfect subjunctive, 2 pl.

10

3.8 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: videat

3.8. present subjunctive, 3 sg.

11

3.9 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: inveniēs

3.9 you (sg.) will find

12

3.10 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: inveniās

3.10 present subjunctive, 2 sg.

13

3.11 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: dīcat

3.11 present subjunctive, 3 sg.

14

3.12 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: dīcet

3.12 he will say

15

3.13 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: dīcit

3.13 he says

16

3.14 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: sint

3.14 present subjunctive, 3 pl.

17

3.15 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: posset

3.15 imperfect subjunctive, 3 sg.

18

3.16 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: possit

3.16 present subjunctive, 3 sg.

19

3.17 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: discēderent

3.17 imperfect subjunctive, 3 pl.

20

3.18 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: discēdent

3.18 they will depart

21

3.19 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: discēdant

3.19 present subjunctive, 3 pl.

22

3.20 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: dēmus

3.20 present subjunctive, 1 pl.

23

3.21 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: possīmus

3.21 present subjunctive, 1 pl.

24

3.22 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: essent

3.22 imperfect subjunctive, 3 pl.

25

3.23 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: accipiās

3.23 present subjunctive, 2 sg.

26

3.24 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: accipiēs

3.24 you will receive

27

3.25 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: acciperēs

3.25 imperfect subjunctive, 2 sg.

28

3.26 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: expellēminī

3.26 you (pl.) will be banished

29

3.27 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: expellerēminī

3.27 imperfect subjunctive, 2 pl.

30

3.28 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: expellāminī

3.28 present subjunctive, 2 pl.

31

3.29 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: movērentur

3.29 imperfect subjunctive, 3 pl.

32

3.30 translate if indicative; parse if subjunctive: moventur

3.30 they are moved

33

4. How can the idea of result be expressed in Latin?

4. ut or ut nōn + subjunctive

34

5. How can result clauses be distinguished from purpose clauses?

5. Result clauses begin with ut and contain a verb in the subjunctive. The main clause usually contains an adverb (ita, tam etc.) or adjective (tantus, etc.) indicating degree. If the result clause is negative is uses nōn, nihil, nēmō, numquam or nūllus (etc.) and NOT nē.

35

6. When and where is the imperfect subjunctive used?

6. The imperfect subjunctive is used in certain kinds of subordinate clause when the main verb is in a past tense (perfect, imperfect or pluperfect).

36

7. Optimōs librōs tantā cum cūrā lēgērunt ut multum sapientiae discerent.

7. They read the best books with such great care that they learned much wisdom.

37

7b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: Optimōs librōs tantā cum cūrā lēgērunt ut multum sapientiae discerent.

7b. discerent: imperfect subjunctive in a result clause.

38

8. Bonōs librōs cum cūrā legēbāmus ut sapientiam discerēmus.

8. We used to read good books with care so that we might learn wisdom.

39

8b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: Bonōs librōs cum cūrā legēbāmus ut sapientiam discerēmus.

8b. discerēmus: imperfect subjunctive in a purpose clause.

40

9. Optimī librī discipulīs legendi sunt ut vēritātem et mōrēs bonōs discant.

9. The best books ought to be read by students in order that they may learn the truth and good character.

41

9b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: Optimī librī discipulīs legendi sunt ut vēritātem et mōrēs bonōs discant.

9b. discant: present subjunctive in a purpose clause.

42

10. Sapientissimī auctōrēs plūrēs librōs scrībant ut omnēs gentēs adiuvāre possint.

10. Let the wisest authors write more books so that they may be able help all peoples.

43

10b. Explain the syntax of the underlined words: Sapientissimī auctōrēs plūrēs librōs scrībant ut omnēs gentēs adiuvāre possint.

10b.

 

scrībant: present subjunctive giving a command (jussive subjunctive);

 

possint: present subjunctive in a purpose clause.

44

11. Animī plūrimōrum hominum tam stultī sunt ut discere nōn cupiant.

11. The souls of very many men are so foolish that they do not wish to learn.

45

11b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: Animī plūrimōrum hominum tam stultī sunt ut discere nōn cupiant.

11b. cupiant: present subjunctive in a result clause.

46

12. At multae mentēs ita ācrēs sunt ut bene discere possint.

12. But many minds are so keen that they can learn well.

47

12b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: At multae mentēs ita ācrēs sunt ut bene discere possint.

12b. possint: present subjunctive in a result clause.

48

13. Quīdam magistrī discipulōs tantā cum arte docēbant ut ipsī discipulī quidem discere cuperent.

13. Some teachers used to teach their pupils so skillfully (with such great skill) that even the pupils themselves wanted to learn.

49

13b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: Quīdam magistrī discipulōs tantā cum arte docēbant ut ipsī discipulī quidem discere cuperent.

13b. cuperent: imperfect subjunctive in a result clause.

50

14. Imperium istīus tyrannī tantum erat ut senātus eum expellere nōn posset.

14. The power of the tyrant was so great that the senate could not drive him out.

51

14b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: Imperium istīus tyrannī tantum erat ut senātus eum expellere nōn posset.

14b. posset: imperfect subjunctive in a result clause.

52

15. Omnēs cīvēs sē patriae dent nē hostēs lībertātem tollant.

15. Let all citizens (give) themselves to the country so that the enemy may not take away their liberty.

53

Explain the syntax of the underlined words: Omnēs cīvēs sē patriae dent nē hostēs lībertātem tollant.

15b.

 

dent: present subjunctive giving a command (jussive subjunctive);

 

tollant: present subjunctive in a purpose clause.

54

16. Caesar tam ācer dux erat ut hostēs mīlitēs Rōmānōs nōn vincerent.

16. Caesar was such a keen leader that the enemy did not conquer the Roman soliders.

55

16b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: Caesar tam ācer dux erat ut hostēs mīlitēs Rōmānōs nōn vincerent.

16b. vincerent: imperfect subjunctive in a result clause.

56

17. Dūcimus aliās gentēs tantā cum sapientiā et virtūte ut libertās cōnservētur?

17. Are we leading other peoples with such great wisdom and courage that liberty is being preserved?

57

17b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: Dūcimus aliās gentēs tantā cum sapientiā et virtūte ut libertās cōnservētur?

17b. cōnservētur: present subjunctive in a result clause.

58

18. Tanta beneficia faciēbātis ut omnēs vōs amārent.

18. You (pl.) used to do such great kindnesses that all love you.

59

18b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: Tanta beneficia faciēbātis ut omnēs vōs amārent.

18b. amārent: imperfect subjunctive in a result clause.

60

19. Tam dūrus erat ut nēmō eum amāret.

19. He was so harsh that no one loved him.

61

19b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: Tam dūrus erat ut nēmō eum amāret.

19b. amāret: imperfect subjunctive in a result clause.

62

20. Mīlia cīvium ex eā terrā fugiēbant nē ā tyrannō opprimerentur.

20. Thousands of citizens kept fleeing from that land in order not to be oppressed by the tyrant.

63

20b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: Mīlia cīvium ex eā terrā fugiēbant nē ā tyrannō opprimerentur.

20b. opprimerentur: imperfect subjunctive in a purpose clause

64

21. Lībertātem sīc amāvērunt ut numquam ab hostibus vincerentur.

21. They so loved liberty that they were never conquered by the enemy.

65

21b. Explain the syntax of the underlined word: Lībertātem sīc amāvērunt ut numquam ab hostibus vincerentur.

21b. vincerentur: imperfect subjunctive in a result clause