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Flashcards in 31a. Latin to English Deck (54)
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1. Name the three possible meanings of cum + the subjunctive.

1. when (circumstantial, which is to be distinguished from cum temporal), since, although

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2. When tamen follows a cum clause, what does cum regularly mean?

2. although

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3a. To that conjugation does ferō belong?

3a. The 3rd conjugation

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3b. State the irregularity which the following forms of ferō have in common: ferre, fers, fert, fertis, ferris, fertur

3b. They lack the connecting vowel e/i, which is seen in the corresponding forms of dūcō (see p. 256)

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1. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: ferat

1. pres. subjunct. act., 3 sg.

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2. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: fert

2. he bears

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3. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: ferret

3. impf. subjunct. act., 3 sg.

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4. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: feret

4. he will bear

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5. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: ferre

5. to bear

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6. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: ferunt

6. they bear

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7. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: ferent

7. they will bear

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8. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: ferant

8. pres. subjunct. act., 3 pl.

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9. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: fertur

9. he is borne

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10. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: ferte

10. bear (2 pl.)

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11. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: fertis

11. you (pl.) bear

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12. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: ferēris

12. you (sg.) will be borne.

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13. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: ferris

13. you (sg.) are borne

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14. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: fer

14. bear (2 sg.)

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15. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: ferrī

15. to be borned

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16. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: tulisse

16. to have borne

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17. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: lātūrus esse

17. to be about to bear

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18. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: ferendus

18. to be borne (gerundive)

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19. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: lātus esse

19. to have been borne

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20. Identify the form if subjunctiveand translate the rest according to their forms: tulisset.

20. pluperf. subjunct. act. 3 sg.

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5. Cum hoc dīxissēmus, illī vigintī respondērunt sē pācem aequam oblātūrōs esse.

5. When he had said this, those twenty men replied that they would offer a just peace.

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5b. Explain the syntax of dīxissēmus and oblātūrōs esse in: Cum hoc dīxissēmus, illī vigintī respondērunt sē pācem aequam oblātūrōs esse.

5b. dīxissēmus is pluperf. subjunct. in a cum clause (circumstantial) ; oblātūrōs esse is future infinitive in an indirect statement.

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6. Cum sē in aliam terram contulisset, tamen amīcōs novōs invēnit.

6. Although he had gone into another country, nevertheless he found new friends.

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6b. Explain the syntax of contulisset in: Cum sē in aliam terram contulisset, tamen amīcōs novōs invēnit.

6b. contulisset is pluperf. subj. in a cum clause (concessive).

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7. Cum amīcitiam nōbīs offerant, eīs auxilium offerēmus.

7. Since they offer us friendship, we shall offer them aid.

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7b. Explain the syntax of offerant in: Cum amīcitiam nōbīs offerant, eīs auxilium offerēmus.

7b. offerant is pres. subjunct. in a cum clause (causal).