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Flashcards in 3 Modules Deck (34):
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Social psychology

Scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another

How we interact

1

Attribution theory

Theory that we tend to give a casual explanation for someone's behavior often by crediting either the situation or the persons disposition

Saying it wasn't their fault it was the objects fault or this happened

2

Fundamental attribution error

Tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior, to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition

Like when watching a movie

3

Attitude

Belief and feeling that predisposes one to respond in a particular way to objects, people, and events

Being angry or mad

4

Foot in door phenomenon

Tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request

Asking for a dollar then ten dollars

5

Cognitive dissonance

Theory that we act to reduce the discomfort we feel when two of our thoughts are inconsistent

When one thought says something is right and the other that it is wrong

6

Conformity

Adjusting ones behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard

Becoming serious in a serious group

7

Obedience

Tendency to comply with orders, implied or real, from someone perceived as an authority

Told to pick up room

8

Social facilitation

Improved performance of tasks in the presence of others

Being less lazy and kept on task

9

Social loafing

Tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts toward attaining a common goal than when individually accountable

Not doing as much work because they feel like they are not needed

10

Deindividuation

The loss of self awareness and self restraint occurring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity

Talking excessively when normally quiet

11

Group polarization

The enhancement of a groups prevailing attitudes through discussion within the group

Feelings of frustration

12

Groupthink

The node of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a desicion making group over rides a realistic appraisal of the alternatives

Going with one option that makes everyone happy even though it may not be the best

13

Self fulfilling prophecy

Occurs when someone's belief about others leads one to act in ways that induce the others to appear to confirm the belief

Making someone seem unfriendly

14

Mere exposure effect

The phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them

Liking a song after hearing it many times

15

Passionate love

An arousal state of intense positive absorption in another

Whee you first meet a person

16

Compassionate love

The deep affectionate attachment we feel for those whom our lives are intertwined

Like our siblings or mother and father

17

Equity

A condition which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give to it

One person giving a lot of love and the other not

18

Self disclosure

Revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others

Telling someone about an accident

19

Altruism

Unselfish regard for the welfare of others

Caring about someone other than yourself constantly

20

Bystander effect

The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present

Watching someone get hurt and no one doing anything

21

Prejudice

An unjustifiable attitude toward a group and it's members

Believing some group is mean because of how they look

22

Stereotype

A generalized belief about a group of people

Shetland ponies are mean

23

Discrimination

In social relations, taking action against a group of people because of stereotyped beliefs, and feelings of prejudice

Mean towards blacks

24

In group

Us, people whi whom we share a common identity

People at the barn

25

Out group

Them, those perceived as different or apart from us

People not at the barn

26

In group bias

The tendency to favor ones own group

Liking country more than rock

27

Scapegoat theory's

The theory that prejudice provides an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame

Blaming problems on a certain group of people

28

Just world phenomenon

Tendency to believe that people get what they deserve and deserve what they get

If they hurt someone and then get in trouble they deserved it

29

Aggression

Any physical or verbal behavior intended t hurt or destroy

Hitting someone

30

Subordinate goals

Shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation

Civil rights

31

Culture

System of subtle and obvious rules established to ensure a groups survival and passed from one generation to the next

Country music

32

Individualism

Culture style that places personal goals or needs ahead of group goals or needs

Studying instead of going to church

33

Collectivism

Cultural style that places group goals or needs ahead of personal goals

Worshipping instead of studying