Mod 18 And 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mod 18 And 19 Deck (32):
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Encoding

Getting information into the memory syste,

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Storage

Retaining information overtime

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Retrieval

Getting information out of brain

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Automatic processing

Unconscious process of capturing or retaining information

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Effortful processing

Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort

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Rehearsal

The conscious repetition of information

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Over learning

Continuing to rehearse even after memorizing something

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Serial positioning effort

Our tendency to recall best the first and last item in a list

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Spacing effect

Tendency for distributed practice to yield better retention through practice

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Distributed rehearsal

Spreading rehearsal out in several sessions separated by a period of time

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Massed rehearsal

Putting all rehearsal time together in one long session

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Semantic coding

The encoding of meaning

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Self reference effect

Enhanced semantic coding of information that is personally relevant

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Mnemonic debate

A memory trick or technique

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Method of loci

A device in which you associate items you want to remember with imaginary places

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Peg word system

A device inch inch you associate items you want to remember with a list of peg words you have already memorized

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Chunking

Organizing information into meaningful units

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Sensory memory

Breif initial coding of sensory information in the memory system

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Short term memory

Conscious memory that holds information briefly before it is lost or permanent

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Long term memory

Relatively permanent memory and limitless storehouse

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Flashbulb memory

Vivid clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event

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Long term potential

Increase in a synapses firing efficiency

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Explicit memory

Memory of facts and experiences that one must consciously retrieve and declare

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Implicit memory

Memory of skill and procedures

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Recall

Measure of memory you must retrieve information you learned earlier

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Recognition

Measure of memory in which you must identify items you learned earlier

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Context effect

Enhanced ability to retrieve information when you are in an environment similar to. The one in which you encoded the information

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State dependent memory

Enhanced ability to retrieve information where you are in the same physical and emotional state you where in when you encoded the information

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Perms store memory

Long term memories that are especially resistant to forgetting and are likely to last a lifetime

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Proactive interference

The disruptive effect of earlier learning on the recall of recently stored information

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Retroactive interference

The disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of previously stored information

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Repression

The process of moving anxiety producing memories to the unconscious