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Flashcards in Pesonality Vocab Deck (41):
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Personality

Individuals unique thinking, feeling, and acting pattern.

Every persons finger print is different

1

Psychoanalysis

Technique for therapy that exposes and interprets underlying conflicts and motives for doing something by Freud.

Going deeper like looking at an x ray instead of looking at the skin

2

Psychodynamic Perspective

A view of personality sort of like Freud's but does not see childhood conflicts as part of personality development.

Previous car crashes do not affect how the car is currently

3

Free Association

Where the patient says whatever comes to mind

Like free writing

4

Preconscious

Consists of thoughts and memories not originally known

Like the bottom of an iceberg under water

5

Unconscious

A reserved region of the mind that holds unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories

The very bottom of the iceberg under the water

6

Id

Operates on the pleasure principle and is unconscious, psychic energy and strives to satisfy drives.

I want it and I want it now!

7

Superego

Internalized ideals and standards.

What we should do, not what we'd like to do

8

Ego

Between the superego and the id and decides which is better. Reality principle

The mediator in an argument or judge.

9

Defense Mechanisms

Used by the ego to distort reality.

Reassuring that doing this one thing won't be that bad

10

Psychosexual stages

Pleasure speaking focus on different parts of the body

Stairs

11

Inferiority complex

Unable to compensate for normal inferiority feelings

Feeling bad about yourself all the time

12

Collective conscious

Shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our ancestors

Stories, myths, art

13

Projective tests

Provide insight to test takers unconscious motives

Why you are doing something

14

Thematic apperception test

Images are shown that are ambiguous.

Asking people what is the prettiest color?

15

Rorschach inkblot test

Test of what a person sees in each of ten inkblots to discover their feelings.

Seeing a gun instead of what most people see as something else could mean aggression

16

Humanistic psychology

Focuses on fulfilled individuals who want to help everyone reach their potential.

People who want to tutor or be a psychologist, or help people in need

17

Self actualization

The motivation to fulfill ones potential

Wanting to make all a's and succeed in life

18

Unconditional positive regard

Total acceptance towards another person

Not caring about their disease or race but accepting them for who they are

19

Self concept

All thoughts and feelings about ourselves in answer to quest who am I?

If we think of ourselves as smart, or a failure

20

Sigmond Freud

Founder of psychoanalysis

21

Alfred Adler

Social tension is more important than sexual tension in development in personality

Having friends is more important

22

Carl Jung

Freudian who believed that humans share a collective unconscious

Shared memory from ancestors

23

Karen Horney

Found psychoanalysis negatively biased towards women and cultural variables are the foundation of personality development.

Culture is more important

24

Abraham Maslow

Hierarchy of needs and self actualization as ultimate psychological need

Need to know who we are is the most important thing

25

Carl Rogers

Importance of acceptance, genuiness, and empathy in human growth

26

Trait

Characteristic patterns of behaviour.

Mean, kind, gentle, smooth

27

Social cognitive perspective

Understanding personality involves considering situation and thoughts before, during, and after and event.

Being happy one moment, and being depressed the next

28

Personality inventories

Question ares that asses a wide range of feelings and behaviours.

True or false or agree or disagree quizzes

29

Validity

The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to test.

If the test is effective or not

30

Reiliability

How consistent a test is

Always being on time

31

Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory

Originally to identify emotional disorders

32

Albert bandura

Developed social cognitive perspective.

How you feel affects the situations

33

Reciprocal determinism

The mutual influences between personality and environmental influences

Being mad because of personality and getting F

34

External locus of control

Chance or forces beyond control influence fate

Rolling snake eyes in game

35

Internal locus of control

You control your own fate

Not rolling the dice the right way

36

Learned helplessness

Hopelessness learned when unable to avoid repeated bad events

Flood, the tornado, then hunger, then poverty, then fire

37

Martin seligman

Researched helplessness then turned to optimism

38

Positive psychology

Focuses on study of optimal human functioning

Having the best environment and chances

39

Gordon allport

Researched idea that individual personalities are unique

40

Hans Eysenck

Researched genetically influenced dimensions