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Flashcards in Drugs Deck (21):
0

Psychoactive Drug

Substance that will alter behaviour, perceptions, or mood

Alcohol

1

Dependence

Need to take more of the substance and if discontinued, withdrawal will occur.

Being unable to discontinue taking Advil without having withdrawals

2

Withdrawal

Discomfort that follows discontinuing a drug

Having headaches from not drinking caffeine

3

Tolerance

Reduced response to a drug prompting the user to increase the dosage to achieve the effects from the smaller dosage

Drinking and eventually being able drink many beers without effects

4

Neuron

Nerve Cell

Telephones

5

Central nervous system

Brain and spinal cord

Telephone system

6

Neurotransmitter

Chemical messengers that cross the synaptic gap to send information to the next neuron.

Pony express mailing

7

Synapse

Gap between the sending neuron and the receiving neuron

Ocean between land

8

Depressants

Drugs that reduce neural activity and slow body function.

Alcohol

9

Barbiturates

Sedatives that depress the activity of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but impairing memory.

Like a knockout drug or something

10

Benzodiazepines

Drugs that have the same effect as barbiturates but with less side effects

Valium

11

Opiates

Suppress neural activity and temporarily lessen pain and anxiety

Morphine, heroine

12

Morphine

Strong sedative and pain relieving drug

Similar to anesthesia

13

Endorphins

Natural chemicals act as a pain killer

Natural morphine. Runner's high. Have experienced this a few times.

14

Stimulants

Drugs that excite neural activity and speed up body function

Caffeine, nicotine

15

Caffeine

Stimulant

Coffee, soda, chocolate, tea

16

Amphetamines

Drugs that speed up the body functions associated with energy and mood changes

Fake adrenaline

17

Hallucinogens

Distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input

Fill in the blank

18

LSD lysergic acid diethylamide

Powerful hallucinogenic drug

Similar to a hallucination

19

Ecstasy

Lower inhibitions, and greater acceptance to people

Like alcohol

20

Marihuana

Plant smoke to produce lowered inhibitions and for feelings of mild relaxation and euphoria

Like a pain killer