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Flashcards in Perception Deck (15):
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Perception

The interpretation of stimuli from the world around us

Seeing a owl in a cloud and another person sees a tree

1

Gestalt

Whole is greater than the sum of its parts

A big tank is bigger than the individual, smaller tanks that make up the whole tank

2

Figure ground

The organization of the visual field of seperating the stand out objects from the background.

The animals in the center ring are the figure and the people at the show watching, the ground, and the other things are the background

3

Grouping

Placing stimuli or objects in understandable groups

Those that wear a hoover orange h on their shirt in x country meet are immediately assumed to be hoover

4

Depth perception

Ability to see in three dimensions and judge distance

How far away a tennis ball is

5

Visual cliff

Keeps infants safe while studying if infants will have good depth perception and will walk over the glass

6

Binocular cues

Depth cues that require the use of both eyes

Using binoculars

7

Monocular cues

Depth cues that require the use of one eye

Using a telescope

8

Retinal disparity

Difference in images seen with the left eye and the right eye retinas

9

Convergence

Tension in the eye muscles when eyes track inwards to focus on objects closer

Holding fingers and bringing them closer and closer

10

Perceptual constancy

Perceiving the size, shape, and lightness of an object as unchanging, even as the retinal image of the object changes

A chair will be in the same place, even as we move farther away or change the angle of looking at it

11

Perceptual set

Expectations that cause you to perceive something one way and not another

If you really like one place you will be more positive about it than others

12

Schemes

Concepts or mental frameworks that help us organize the world

Seeing faces

13

Context

Setting or environment in which we interpret sensory stimulation

Being on a ride that malfunctioned, and all the lights come on and spoil the ride

14

Extra sensory perception

Controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input

Ability to have telepathy