30. Identify the Bacteria Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 30. Identify the Bacteria Deck (66):
1

Can use independent or host ATP

Rickettsia

2

"Fried egg" colonies

Class Mollicutes

3

Granular colonies

M. pneumoniae

4

Transovarian passage occurs

Rickettsia

5

Causes the most common zoontic infection worldwide

Leptospira spp.

6

Small-greenish droplike colonies

F. tularensis

7

Biochemically inert

F. tularensis

8

Produces β-lactamase

L. pneumophila

9

Causes cat scratch disease

B. henselae

10

Cultures not recommended

B. henselae

11

Will not satellite on Blood agar

H. ducreyi

13

Frequent in infections from human bites

E. corrodens

14

Satellites around S. aureus on SBA

H. influenzae

15

Does not need V factor

H. ducreyi

16

Most common vector-borne disease in the USA

Lyme borreliosis

17

Resembles Corynebacterium in morphology and arrangement

Propionibacterium

18

Infection caused by Propionibacterium acnes

Acne vulgaris (pimples)

19

Gram-positive bacillus that may form branches or have a beaded appearance

Actinomyces israelii

20

Causes Parrot fever

C. psittaci

21

Found in hot tubs, plumbing fixtures, cooling towers, spas, and airconditioning units

L. pneumophila

22

Associated with long-term use of intrauterine devices

A. israelii

23

Causes cystic fibrosis

- B. cepacia
- Alcaligenaceae (Achromobacter & Alcaligenes)
- P. aeruginosa

24

Found in humans only

M. catarrhalis
C. pneumoniae
C. trachomatis

25

Most common bacterial STD pathogen

C. trachomatis

27

Nitrate reduction negative

Acinetobacter spp.

28

Partially-lactose fermentating on MAC

Acinetobacter

29

Resistant to decontaminating agents (alcohol, iodine)

B. cepacia

30

Causes Lyme disease

B. burgdorferi

31

Infection mostly from cat bites

P. multocida

32

Causes Relapsing fever

B. hermsii

33

Found intracellularly

L. pneumophila
Rickettsia
Chlamydiaceae

34

Infects unciliated columnar cells

C. trachomatis

35

Reported from fowl cholera

P. multocida

39

Lacks cell walls

Family Mycoplasmataceae

40

Produces pyocyanin

P. aeruginosa

41

Can be seen in fluid as sulfur granules

A. israelii

42

Spindle-shaped

Fusobacterium spp.

44

Black-pigmented colonies

Prevotella melaninogenica

45

Purple-pigmented bacilli agar

Porphyromonas spp.

47

Does not have a characteristic gram-negative endotoxin

B. fragilis

48

Produces pyoverdin

P. aeruginosa
P. fluorescens

49

Causes several economically significant veterinary diseases

P. multocida

50

Corkscrew motility

T. pallidum

51

Causes Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMFS)

R. rickettsii

52

Requires nicotinic acid

Family Alcaligenaceae

53

Cultured on McCoy cells

C. pneumoniae

54

Causes Leptospira

L. interrogans

55

Causes pseudomembranous colitis

C. difficile

56

Causes syphilis

T. pallidum

57

Gray-green, convex, nonhemolytic colonies

P. multocida

59

Green-lavender or yellow pigment growth on blood and chocolate agar

S. maltophilia

60

Grows on BCYE media

L. pneumophila

61

Causes antibiotic-associated colitis

C. difficile

62

School of fish pattern microscopically

H. ducreyi

65

Anaerobic counterpart of the aerobic Neisseria

Veillonella

66

Has no genes for glucose metabolism, lipid and amino acid synthesis

Rickettsia

67

Most common food source of this bacteria is honey

C. botulinum

68

Causes late-onset ventilator-associated pneumonia

A. baumannii

69

Coiled rods with hooks

Leptospira spp.

70

Natural reservoir can be any species of bird

C. psittaci

71

Gram-negative-like cell wall; has LPS

Rickettsia

73

Causative agent of several economically significant veterinary diseases

P. multocida

74

Causes glanders

B. mallei

75

Uses Warthin-Starry silver staining

B. henselae

76

Causes lymphoid follicle formation and fibrosis

C. trachomatis

77

Weakly oxidase positive

B. cepacia