3.10 Principles of Transfusion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.10 Principles of Transfusion Deck (32):
0

Tubing for blood transfusion is usually inserted in what part of the body?

Dorsum of the hand. Foot for pediatric patients.

1

Maximum number of times a person can donate whole blood in a year?

Four times

2

Lining seen between concentrated RBC and plasma when whole blood is centrifuged?

Buffy Coat

3

Buffy coat is composed of?

Leukocytes and platelets

4

Four products that are can be acquired from whole blood?

RBC, liquid plasma, cryoprecipitate and cryosupernate

5

T/F Settling of RBC in whole blood can happen without centrifugation.

True

6

Whole blood must be kept under what temperature? And for how long?

2-6C for 35 days.

7

T/F A patient can be transfused whole blood while actively bleeding.

True

8

Usual amount of RBC in whole blood

350mL

9

RBC transfusion is contraindicated in patients with

Anemia.

10

RBC is indicated for patients with

deficiency of oxygen-carrying capacity or tissue hypoxia

11

T/F RBC component of whole blood has platelets and WBCs.

True.

12

Temperature in which platelets are stored

22-24C

13

Contraindicated in platelet transfusion

Autoimmune thrombocytopenia or thrombocytopenic Purpura.

14

Blood component with the shortest shelf life

Platelets

15

Cold insoluble portion of plasma after Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP) has been thawed

Cryoprecipitate

16

Cryoprecipitate contains the following:

Factors VIII, XIII, fibrinogen, fibronectin, ristocetin

17

The only difference of cryosupernate and cryoprecipitate

Presence of factor VIII in cryoprecipitate

18

Law promoting voluntary blood donation to provide sufficient supply of safe blood and to regulate blood banks.

R.A. 7719 also known as National Services Act of 1994

19

Mission of RA 7719 includes the following except
Blood safety, blood screening, blood adequacy, regulated blood use, efficiency of blood services,

Blood screening

20

A donor must at least have this amount of Hgb to be qualified to donate.

125 g/L

21

Second safest donor category

Volunteer donor

22

Safest donor category

Autologous donor

23

A complication that can occur after a stem cell or bone marrow transplant in which the newly transplanted donor ells attach the transplant recipients body

Graft-versus-host-disease

24

An automated blood collection technique wherein donor or patient is connected to a cell separator equipment to remove one or more components from his blood and return the remaining component back to the donor or patient

apharesis

25

Pertains to a time wherein virus is present in the body but still indicates a negative in blood test

Window period

26

Used by donors to defer the used of their blood

Confidential unit exclusion (CUE)

27

T/F A person will weight one kilogram less after donation

False. Half liter or half kilogram

28

T/F a 70 year old male cannot donate blood due to decreased blood supply

False. They can still donate as long as there is no underlying ill ess and blood pressure is normal.

29

T/F If a blood bag is open, blood expires in 6hours

False. 24 hours

30

Architect 1000 (TD analyzer Machine) can test all transmissible disease except for

Malaria

31

Refrigerator at -72 to -80 can store up blood for about how long?

5 years.