Flashcards in 3N055 Vol1 Deck (156):
1. What functions does the USAF rely on PA to perform?
1. (1) To provide trusted counsel to leaders. (2) Build, maintain, and strengthen Airmen morale and readiness. (3) Enhance public trust and support. (4) Contribute to global influence and deterrence and establish and maintain PA readiness.
2. To whom must PA provide timely, accurate, and authoritative DOD and Air Force information?
2. Service members, the public, Congress, and media representatives.
3. Name the resources PA uses to increase awareness and understanding of the Air Force mission.
3. PA triad, consisting of photojournalists, bands, and broadcasters.
4. How does the Air Force establish credibility of its force, which in turn forms the basis of public support?
4. By a policy allowing free flow of information made available by commanders in a timely, responsive manner, consistent with security, without censorship or propaganda.
5. What types of activities should PA programs not tolerate?
5. Those that intentionally misinform, mislead, or deny otherwise releasable information.
1. Whom does the director of PA (SAF/PA) advise?
1. Secretary of the Air Force, Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and other principal military and civilian leaders in the Department of the Air Force.
2. For what PA programs does SAF/PA provide direction and policy?
2. Internal information, community relations, media relations, and security review.
3. Why is it sometimes necessary for MAJCOMs, FOAs, and DRUs to organize their PA programs differently than SAF/PA?
3. Due to their varied and specialized missions.
4. Who establishes and directs the PA programs at the wing level?
4. Installation commanders.
5. What PA activities are typically performed at the wing level?
5. Internal information, media relations, and community relations.
1. What are the parts of the PA triad and what is its mission?
1. Photojournalists, broadcasters, and bands people; dedicated to executing the PA core competencies and providing information superiority for the Air Force.
2. What is PA?s mission statement?
2. Expanding awareness of and support for the world?s most respected air and space force.
3. What is PA?s responsibility to the other members of the triad?
3. Working as a team with bands people and broadcasters.
4. PA activities traditionally fall into what four programs (categories)?
4. (1) Media relations. (2) Internal information. (3) Community relations. (4) Security review.
5. What is the purpose of the media relations program, and why is this important?
5. To collect, evaluate, and announce to the public and media unclassified, releasable information about the Air Force, its people, and its activities to ensure a free flow of information to the public, achieving informed public support of the Air Force mission.
6. List the groups considered to be the Air Force?s internal audience.
6. (1) Active duty. (2) Guard and Reserve. (3) Air Force retirees. (4) Civilian employees and their families.
7. What PA program allows civilian leaders and the public at large to have an opportunity to talk directly to Air Force people and to observe readiness?
7. Community relations.
8. How do bands promote the global Air Force mission?
8. By providing world-class musical products and services to honor our Airmen, supporting troop morale and recruiting, and build and strengthen domestic and international partnerships.
9. Who is the functional manager for the Air Force band program?
10. How are Air Force bands structured organizationally?
10. Geographically around the world to support the SECAF?s strategic communication priorities and active duty bands are classified as premier or regional and ANG bands are numbered and classified as regional.
11. Within what four broad categories do Air Force bands? mission falls?
11. (1) Deployments to sustain war-fighter morale. (2) Ceremonial to render honor to our country and heroes. (3) Outreach for building partnerships. (4) Recruiting to reach talented Airmen.
12. Who has the authority to approve bands people participation in overseas public events?
12. Unified commanders who can further delegate to subordinate commanders.
13. What is the mission of the AFBS?
13. Inform and entertain DOD personnel and their families, and provide information about Air Force activities overseas to active duty, reserve, and retired Air Force members and their families.
14. Who directs the AFBS program?
14. SAF/PA, through the commander of the AFNEWS.
1. What are core competencies? Why are they important?
1. The capabilities of an organization that separate it from other organizations. They serve as a basis for growth and diversification.
2. Which core competency is the foundation of all Air Force core competencies and why is it the foundation?
2. Airmen morale and readiness because the Air Force?s most valuable resource is its Airmen.
3. How does PA strengthen the bond between the Air Force and the public?
3. Through open, timely, honest dialogue and programs targeted to communities, opinion leaders, and the media.
4. Explain the importance of the public trust and support core competency.
4. The American public provides the people who join our Air Force, the funds that ensure readiness and quality of life, and the support needed to conduct operations and training.
5. What are PA?s five values and what are they based on?
5. Leadership, credibility, loyalty, professionalism, and vision and are based on the foundations that support the Air Force values.
1. How are AFSs assigned?
1. By category, such as operations, mission support, medical and logistics.
2. What is meant by the term ?AFSC??
2. Air Force specialty code, which is the career field group you are assigned.
3. List the five different skill levels that are used as the fourth digit of each AFSC.
3. 1 ? helper, 3 ? apprentice, 5 ? journeyman, 7 ? craftsman, and 9 ? superintendent.
4. Identify what each alphanumeric character of AFSC 3N05X stands for.
4. First digit (3) identifies job category (support). Second and third characters (3N0) identify specific career field areas (Photojournalist and Broadcaster. The fourth digit (5) identifies skill level. Fifth digit (1) identifies the specific Air Force specialty (2 for Broadcaster, 5 for Photojournalist). The suffix ?N? indicates an e-CDC version.
5. List three areas involved in print journalism under the specialty description for the PA apprentice/journeyman/craftsman.
5. (1) Writing. (2) Editing. (3) Publishing activities.
1. Explain the differences between the duties of the PA journeyman, craftsman, and apprentice.
1. They are each the same as apprentice duties, such as receiving and logging media queries, except for the level at which they are performed.
2. How would a PA apprentice handle a news media query? How would a public affairs craftsman handle the same query?
2. An apprentice receives the query and logs it after it has been answered. The craftsman also coordinates with the appropriate agencies, calls back the response, and files the query.
3. What level of education is all PA members highly encouraged to complete?
3. Associate of Applied Science Degree in Public Affairs (through CCAF).
4. What PA role determines the best medium and message content to reach target audiences?
4. PA management.
5. What area of PA plans and manages the commander?s access channel?
5. Internal communications.
6. What area of PA responds to accidents, incidents, and exercises?
6. Media relations.
7. Describe the duties of personnel working in the PA environmental area.
7. Establish and maintain PA processes to address environmental issues in accordance with regulatory requirements.
1. What is the CFETP and what does it include?
1. It is a document that is comprehensive and multi-purpose covering the entire spectrum of education and training for a career field, such as Public Affairs.
2. What purpose does the STS serve?
2. Defines tasks and knowledge Airmen in our specialty are expected to know how to perform.
1. Name the four stages for conducting training.
1. (1) Planning and scheduling. (2) Instructing. (3) Monitoring. (4) Certifying.
2. What is the next step after supervisors have determined the education and training requirements?
2. Plan and schedule the training.
3. What type of training will a PA trainee receive most often?
3. Hands-on training.
4. What are some factors a supervisor considers when scheduling OJT?
4. Work center operational requirements, trainer and task certifier availability, and available external training.
5. What is AF Form 623, and what is included in it?
5. It is a standard folder used as a training record the must at least include the CFETP and STS.
6. What does the supervisor and trainer use AF Form 623 to determine?
6. To accurately and realistically determine an individual?s qualifications and training needs, and to make assignments and recommendations for positions.
1. What characteristic of normal, electrically operated motion-media equipment usually makes it unacceptable for use with explosive hazards?
1. It may not be equipped with adequate spark-eliminating and static electricity?grounding provisions.
2. What should you do if, during a prerecording survey inside a flammable gas storage facility, you notice a strong, but unfamiliar odor? Why?
2. Immediately stop the recording and advise local safety authorities. The odor could be gas that might explode.
3. You notice several substances spilled on the floor and worktables while preparing to shoot a scene in a location known to contain chemical fire hazards. What action should you take?
3. Do not change or introduce anything unless it has been coordinated and approved with onsite safety authorities immediately.
1. What are the two categories of exposure hazards?
(1) Health. (2) Physical.
1. Sergeant Smith has been recording from a position assigned to her by local authorities. She observes individuals moving about in another part of the radiological laboratory and assumes that if it is safe for them to be there, it will be okay for her to move her operations to that point. What would you recommend to Sergeant Smith before she changes her recording location?
1. She is not qualified to make any assumptions under the circumstances and must coordinate the change with local supervisors before making it.
2. During a recording assignment, you become separated from your escort and discover you have wandered into an area marked by radiation signs. You decide to leave your equipment and supplies there, and return for them after finding your guide. What chance, related to radiation, have you taken that threatens the success of the assignment?
2. Subjecting the equipment to rapid and serious deterioration, making it useless for completing the assignment.
3. Airman Williams got lost while returning to a recording site after lunch. Looking down a corridor, he thought he saw his location at the other end, but the corridor was marked by radiation symbols. Because he was late getting back to work, he hurried down the corridor to his location. Under the circumstances, what would be the most appropriate action to take?
3. Do not enter any areas, or take equipment or materials unless you get advice from proper authorities because the area must be treated as if the hazard exists.
1. List typical accidents and injuries associated with camera equipment.
(1) Crushed hands and fingers from attaching the camera to the tripod head. (2) Injuries to legs and camera damage from poorly seated tripod feet. (3) Falling and tripping over improperly placed cables and trip-wires. (4) Hands and feet being run over by booms and dollies. (5) Burns to individuals and material from residual heat of lights, and improperly lifting heavy objects.
2. What are two ways to help you ensure the hazards are avoided?
2. (1) Being physically fit. (2) Inspecting and re-inspecting the site set-up.
1. What is ?SAPP??
1. It?s an acronym for security, accuracy, propriety, and policy setting the limitations on principle of information.
2. What must correspondence leaving the PA office be free from, above all else?
2. Security violations.
3. List the six security areas that may impact PA releases.
3. (1) Information security. (2) Personal security. (3) Industrial security. (4) COMSEC. (5) OPSEC. (6) COMPUSEC.
4. How can you ensure the accuracy of correspondence?
4. By making sure all facts are correct before releasing anything; double-check spelling of names on anything sent out of the office or printed in the newspaper or on the web; never assume information is correct; and release the most accurate information available.
5. Which SAPP element is the most subjective, and probably the most difficult, element of SAPP?
6. What policies must all correspondence and news articles comply with?
6. US government, DOD, Air Force, MAJCOM, and local.
7. What requirements must you follow when performing a security review?
7. Policies and procedures contained in AFI 35?102.
1. What federal law was enacted to guarantee the public?s right to information concerning the government?s activities?
1. Title 5, USC, Section 552.
2. What is the purpose of DOD 5400.7-R?
2. Set policy for disclosing Air Force records to the public, give procedures for processing FOIA requests, and tell requesters of the decision to release or deny records requested under the FOIA.
3. What is Joint Publication 3?58?
3. Joint Doctrine for Military Deception, which states it is against DOD policy to use misinformation, or conduct activities intended to deny releasable information to the American public.
4. What must you do if you receive a written request from the public stating the request is made under FOIA?
4. Immediately refer the request to the base FOIA manager.
5. How much time does the Air Force have to respond upon receipt of a FOIA request?
5. 20 workdays.
6. Why should media FOIA requests be handled by PA?
6. FOIA channels take longer due to administrative processes.
7. When should you handle a FOIA request from the media as a normal FOIA request?
7. As a last resort. This should only happen when the FOIA is the only way an agency will release certain information to the news media.
8. How should a FOIA request received from a news media representative be handled in cases where PA can provide more information than the FOIA office?
8. The FOIA and the PA offices should coordinate responses.
1. What statute or program states citizens are allowed to review records kept about them by the government and prevents government agencies from excessive disclosure of personal information to agencies that do not have a need to know?
1. The PA.
2. What is your PA role in Public Affairs?
2. Achieve good personnel practices and sound records management by keeping only essential information, ensuring it is correct, being protected properly, and using it only for intended purposes.
3. What is the best source for collecting information about an individual?
3. The individual.
4. When is a PAS used?
4. Whenever someone is asked to give information that is to go into a system of records.
5. What data collection methods require the PAS and how do you include it?
5. Forms, formats, and personal telephone interviews all use PASs. The statement can be part of the forms, included in regulations, placed on posters, or read to the individuals.
6. Why is the SSN not a universal identifier?
6. Because the intent of the PA was to restrict using the SSN as a personal identifier.
1. What is slander?
1. Oral (or spoken) defamation, which is spoken communication that damages a person?s reputation.
2. What is the difference between slander and libel?
2. They are both defamation; slander is oral (or spoken) defamation and libel is in printed form.
3. Name three characteristics of libel that make it more serious than slander.
3. (1) Intentional. (2) Widespread. (3) Permanent.
4. What is Air Force policy on libel?
4. It cannot and will not be tolerated in Air Force publications, such as newspapers and websites.
1. Why does libel pose problems for military PA?
1. Because there are no federal laws; there are only state laws meaning libel is defined and punished differently in each state.
2. Name the three elements of libel.
2. (1) Defamation. (2) Identification. (3) Publication.
3. What is the difference between libel per se and libel per quod?
3. Libel per se is a statement clearly and obviously defamatory in and of itself. A libel per quod statement that may not appear to be defamatory, but may become so when taken in light of other facts.
4. What are three ways you can protect yourself from libel?
4. Any three of the following: (1) Tone down potentially dangerous statements. (2) Double-check all questionable facts, quotes, and numbers. (3) Quote only recognized authorities and sources, and attribute facts and opinions to them. (4) If overseas, learn local customs and habits. (5) Use qualifying words such as ?allegedly.? (6) Use a tape recorder during interviews. (7) When it doubt, leave it out or check with base legal before publishing.
1. What is right of privacy?
1. The right of an individual or organization to be left alone.
2. Identify four types of right to privacy violations.
2. (1) Disclosure. (2) False light. (3) Appropriation. (4) Intrusion.
3. The extent to which a person or organization is protected by right of privacy depends on what?
3. The position and or status of the individual or organization.
4. What are the two defenses that can be used against a charge of invasion of privacy?
4. (1) Newsworthiness. (2) Consent.
1. What is the definition of ?copyright? and what types of material are included?
1. The right of the creator to own, control, and profit from the production of his or her work, taking the form of original literary, graphic, photographic, audiovisual, or musical work.
2. What publication governs the use of copyrighted materials?
2. AFI 51?303.
3. At what point does an author own copyright?
3. From the time a work is first presented in copy, by any method sufficiently permanent to permit it to be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated for more than a transitory period.
4. What are the three formal requirements for copyright ownership under Title 17, USC?
4. (1) Registering a claim to copyright. (2) Depositing copies in the US Copyright Office. (3) Including a copyright notice on published works.
5. Generally, how long is a copyright considered protected?
5. The life of the author, plus 70 years.
6. What two publications have copyright guidelines and identify exclusions for ?fair use??
6. (1) AP Stylebook and Libel Manual. (2) AFI 51?303.
7. What is the Air Force policy on using copyrighted material?
7. To recognize that a copyright owner has a legally enforceable right.
1. Who must submit a request to a copyright owner for permission to use their materials?
1. The Air Force activity planning to use the copyrighted material.
2. List the five requirements for sending out a request for permission to use copyrighted materials.
2. (1) Request no greater rights than are actually needed. (2) Fully identify the material. (3) Explain the proposed use and the conditions of use. (4) Submit two copies to copyright owner (or agent). (5) Include a self-addressed return envelope.
3. You have received a copyrighted article that you want to publish and have received permission from the copyright owner to use it in your paper or website. Explain how to display the article.
3. Ensure that, with the copyrighted material, prominent and appropriated credit is given to the copyright owner, and acknowledge that the copyright owner granted permission for you to use the material.
1. Why must information proposed for a website be cleared and what regulations govern this clearance?
1. Public websites are distributed globally and are governed by AFI 35?101 and DODD 5230.9.
2. What local office must coordinate on all content for public websites prior to release?
2. PA, unless if information is used to conduct electronic commerce.
3. Who normally has overall authority for establishing public websites and releasing public information?
3. Wing commander or equivalent.
4. What are the two requirements organizations must satisfy before seeking approval to establish a public website?
4. (1) Justify a wide public audience. (2) Coordinate with local PA and communications authorities.
5. What factors must be weighed when making a decision to establish a public website?
5. The mission need and enhancement of USAF public communication program must be weighed against the costs and operational security risks.
6. Define an Intranet site.
6. Websites that are restricted to viewing by people at that base or domain, for example, .mil, and .gov.
7. How can managing a website distract PA people?
7. They may become too concerned with the technical aspects of maintaining the computer server, which can distract from PA programs.
8. Who determines content, design, and operation of official Air Force websites and serves as a point of contact for conducting reviews of public web pages?
1. How does an average Air Force base use its website?
1. To keep Airmen, their families, and interested community members informed of news and information affecting the unit.
2. What office, at all levels of command, has security review as a function?
3. What must PA ensure when conducting security reviews?
3. That all unclassified information is released quickly and accurately, and conforms to established polices.
4. What is the only basis for review decisions?
4. Security and policy considerations.
1. What dictates how a webpage is designed?
1. Its content.
2. Identify the basic design principle for a Web page.
2. Keep it simple by avoiding cluttered pages with numerous links and irregular text sizes.
1. To whom is the Air Force accountable? Why?
1. The public. Taxpayers have a right to know how their money is being spent and to assess and understand facts about national security and defense strategy.
2. Name the four major elements of public accountability.
2. (1) Budgets. (2) Equipment. (3) Personnel. (4) Environment.
3. What two regulations govern how we deal with members of Congress?
3. AFPD 90?4 and AFI 90?401.
4. What is Air Force policy for congressional inquiries?
4. To cooperate fully with them and their staffs, and provide timely, factual answers within the limitations of security, FOIA, and the PA.
5. Who may deny a congressional request for information or deny release of classified information to a member of Congress?
5. Only the Secretary of the Air Force.
6. What is the Air Force policy on congressional visits to bases?
6. They are supported and encouraged.
7. What are two restrictions concerning congressional tours on Air Force bases during election years?
7. (1) Only provide tours that are available to the public on a standard tour. (2) Provide the same things to all candidates who request a tour.
1. All members of PA are subject to deployment in conjunction with contingency and wartime operations. What must we be aware of and what Air Force publication covers this?
1. The provisions of the laws of armed conflict (LOAC). AFPD 51-4.
2. What Air Force publication covers the limitations of gifts to employees of the United States government?
2. AFI 56?601.
3. What are four other legal areas you must be aware of in PA, in addition to LOAC and gifts?
3. Any four of the following: (1) Labor-management relations. (2) Political participation by members of the armed forces. (3) Standards of conduct. (4) Fraternization and professional relationships. (5) Dealings with contractors. (6) Sexual harassment.
4. In PA, what two components of laws must you adhere to?
4. Letter and spirit of them.
1. What programs are included in information protection?
1. OPSEC, COMSEC, EMSEC, and physical security.
2. What is the goal of information protection?
2. To protect the availability, integrity, and confidentiality of information.
1. Define OPSEC.
1. The process of identifying critical friendly information and analyzing friendly actions observable by potential enemies.
2. When was the first OPSEC program introduced and in what region was it initiated?
2. In 1966, directed by the JCS in Southeast Asia.
3. What is the primary focus of OPSEC?
3. To control, strictly, information about Air Force operations and activities, denying our adversaries any advantage.
4. Name the three general categories of OPSEC measures.
4. (1) Preventing adversaries from detecting critical information and indicators. (2) Giving the enemy false interpretations of critical information and/or indicators. (3) Attacking the adversary?s information collection system.
1. What are the three broad categories under which most OPSEC weaknesses fall?
1. (1) Operations. (2) Administrative. (3) Communications.
2. Name the guidelines you must follow regarding telephone use.
2. Never discuss classified information over the phone, don?t ?talk around? a classified topic, don?t allow yourself to be pressured by time, and don?t be tempted to use the phone because it?s convenient.
3. What must you protect information systems and data against to minimize OPSEC vulnerabilities?
3. Accidental or intentional unauthorized disclosure, modification, or destruction of information systems or data.
1. Define COMSEC.
1. The protection resulting from the proper application of crypto-security, emanations security, physical security, and transmission security measures relating to COMSEC materials and specifically designed to detect and correct procedural weaknesses that could expose valuable information.
2. How do you select a communication medium that satisfies both security and speed requirements?
2. By considering the classification of the information and the speed of the service required.
3. What does cryptographic information include?
3. Encryption keys and any information about the encryption device used to encrypt classified information.
4. What is TPI, and what does it require during the handling and storage of COMSEC material?
4. It is Two-Person Integrity and is a storage and handling system that prohibits individual access to certain COMSEC keying material. It requires at least two authorized persons be present that know TPI procedures and can detect incorrect or unauthorized security procedures for the task being performed.
5. What form should you look for when processing a COMSEC package?
5. A transfer report, consisting of three copies of SF 153, COMSEC Material Report.
1. Define EMSEC.
1. The control of compromising emanations (information sent out) to prevent the disclosure of official information about military operations.
2. Name two duties of the wing IP office.
2. (1) Assesses need for EMSEC, determines appropriate countermeasures, advises commander on existing vulnerabilities, threats and risks. (2) Recommends a course of action to wing commanders.
3. Why are computers with wireless technology considered EMSEC vulnerabilities?
3. Their signals can be intercepted.
1. For what does the Air Force Physical Security Program provide guidelines?
1. Protecting mission-essential resources?those things that are critical to our war-fighting capability.
2. Give three examples of PL2 resources.
2. (1) Nonnuclear alert forces. (2) Expensive, few-in-number, or one-of-a-kind system(s). (3) Select command, control and communications systems.
3. What are the rules for displaying the restricted area badge?
3. You must always display your badge while in the restricted area but always put it away when you leave the area.
1. What is the purpose of the FPCON alert system?
1. To advise all personnel of an increased level of threat to DOD equipment, facilities, and personnel so security measures are put in place to prevent loss, damage or compromise.
2. What type of security message is sent up-channel and usually causes an FPCON change
2. Covered Wagon.
1. What are the three categories of classified information?
1. (1) Top Secret. (2) Secret. (3) Confidential.
2. What is the test for a Top Secret classification?
2. Whether the information?s unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause exceptionally grave damage to national security.
3. What is the purpose of the Privacy Act of 1974 (PA)?
3. To protect individuals from unwarranted invasion of their personal information.
1. What must a person possess before they can access classified information?
1. The appropriate security clearance, a need to know, and a signed SF 312.
2. What cover sheets can you use to cover classified information that has been removed from a secure container?
2. AF Form 144 for Top Secret, SF 704 for Secret, and SF 705 for Confidential.
3. How do you store Secret information?
3. In any method already approved for Top Secret, in a GSA-approved security container or vault without supplementary controls, or a secure room approved for Secret storage.
4. What type of tape must you use to seal a package when mailing classified material?
4. Opaque envelopes or opaque wrapping paper with mail gum tape.