5. Russo Japanese War Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5. Russo Japanese War Deck (70)
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1
Q

What did Russia and Japan have an interest in?

A

Manchuria

2
Q

When was there a war between Russia and China?

A

After 1903

3
Q

What happened to the prestige of the Russia after the loss to Japan?

A

National humiliation

4
Q

What was Russia’s lost in the Russo Japanese war the first of?

A

First major defeat of a European power by an Asian opponent

5
Q

What type of port would Russia receive if they went to war in the Far East?

A

Ice free port

6
Q

What were the problem with Russia’s ports?

A

Major ports on northern coastline were frozen for most part of year

7
Q

Where were there frozen ports in Russia?

A

Northern coastline

8
Q

What would the Russo Japanese war distract the workers from?

A

Domestic troubles by rallying nation in a patriotic struggle

9
Q

What would expansions mean for Russia?

A

Improved prestige

10
Q

When did port Arthur fall?

A

January 1905

11
Q

When did Russia surrender Mukden

A

February 1905

12
Q

What happened in January 1905

A

Port Arthur fell

13
Q

What happened in February 1905?

A

Russians surrendered Mukden

14
Q

When wad the Russian Balatic forced destroyed?

A

May 1905 after sailing for 8 months

15
Q

How long did the Balatic fleet sail for?

A

8 months

16
Q

What happened in May 1905?

A

Baltic fleet destroyed

17
Q

What was the problem with Russia being defeated by an Asian nation?

A

Asians were deemed inferior compared to the white supremacy and first major defeat by an Asian opponent

18
Q

What happened to the Russian fleets after the destruction of Baltic fleets?

A

Destroyed

19
Q

What happened to trading rights in Manchuria?

A

Lost

20
Q

By what percentage did spending on the military increase?

A

50%

21
Q

What government expenditure increased by 50%

A

Military spending

22
Q

What was the size of the loan that Russian received from France

A

800 million francs

23
Q

What did wages fall by?

A

20%

24
Q

What fell by 20%?

A

Wages

25
Q

What were there shortages of

A

Food

26
Q

What did the Russians associate the Russian military with?

A

Military incompetence

27
Q

What did the people associate the military incompetence with?

A

Governance of Tsar

28
Q

Who did Japan form an alliance with in 1902?

A

Britain

29
Q

When did Japan form an alliance with Britain?

A

1902

30
Q

What did the Japanese do to the Russians on the 4th of February?

A

Launched a night attack on Russian Pacific Squadron at Port Arthur

31
Q

When did the Japanese Launch a night attack on Russian Pacific Squadron at Port Arthur

A

4th February 1904

32
Q

What was the impact of the Japanese Launching a night attack on Russian Pacific Squadron at Port Arthur on the 4th of February 1904?

A

Damage of 3 Russian ships

Japan blockaded Port Arthur

33
Q

Who supported the war with Japan?

A

Plevhe

34
Q

What was Plevhes stance on the war?

A

Agreed with war

35
Q

Who was worried about the financial cost of War with Japan?

A

Kuropatkin and Lamsdorff

36
Q

When was the Battle of Yalu River?

A

30th to 1st May 1904

37
Q

What happened on the 30th April 1904

A

Battle of Yalu River began

38
Q

What happened on the 1st May 1904?

A

Battle of Yalu River

39
Q

What did the Japanese do during the Battle of Yalu river?

A

Moved north to confront Russian on Southern Manchuria

40
Q

What were the military numbers during the battle of Yalu River?

A

Russians outnumber 3 to 1

41
Q

When were the Russians outnumbered 3 to 1

A

Battle of Yalu river

42
Q

What was the result of the Battle of Yalu river?

A

Russians were well beaten

43
Q

What were the consequences of siege of Port Arthur?

A

Isolation of 60,000 Russian troops

44
Q

When was there the Isolation of 60,000 Russian troops?

A

Siege of Russian ports

45
Q

Who led the Baltic Squadron in May 1905?

A

Rozhestvensky

46
Q

What happened on May 1905 to Rozhestvenskys Baltic Squad

A

Came up againstAdmiral Togo’s fleet at Tsushima Straits

47
Q

What secured Russian defeat?

A

1905 defeat at Mukden

48
Q

When was the treaty of Portsmouth?

A

August 1905

49
Q

What happened in. August 1905?

A

Treaty of Portsmouth

50
Q

What did the treaty of Portsmouth mean?

A

Russia forced to withdraw from Port Arthur, South Sakhalin and South Manchuria
Forced to accept Japanese sovereignty

51
Q

What did the Russo Japanese war show about the Trans-Siberian railway?

A

Unfinished and failed to transport troops and supplies to war zones quickly and effectively

52
Q

What happened to Japan under Emperor Meji?

A

Massive reforms aiming at reformation

53
Q

How did the Trans-Siberian railway lead to the Russian defeat?

A

Ineffective as it was incomplete

54
Q

How long did the Far East take to reach its destination?

A

8 months

55
Q

How many warships did the Russians loose during the Battle of Tsushima in May 1905?

A

25 out of 30

56
Q

In what war did the Russians loose 25 out of 35 warships?

A

Battle of Tsushima in May 1905

57
Q

How many casualties did the Russians suffer in the Battle of Mukden?

A

90,000 casualties

58
Q

What battle had 90,000 casualties?

A

Battle of Mukden

59
Q

What happened to the Russians in every major battle?

A

They lost

60
Q

What happened to the Baltic fleet when they arrived at the Battle of Tsushima?/

A

Annihilated

Lost 8 battleships and more than 5,000 men

61
Q

How many men had to be stationed at Poland?

A

300,000

62
Q

Where were 300,000 men stationed?

A

Poland

63
Q

What was the significance of stationing 300,000 men in Poland?

A

Larger than the one in Poland

64
Q

Why were 300,000 troops stationed in Poland?

A

Quell unrest there

65
Q

What did Polish leaders like Jozef Pilsudski do?

A

Collaborated with the Japanese

66
Q

Who was a polish leader that collaborated with the Japanese?

A

Jozef Pilsudski

67
Q

What was the value of the loan the Russians had to take out?

A

800 million Francs from France and Germany

68
Q

What did Russian liberals form as a result of the war?

A

Union of liberation

69
Q

Why was the union of liberation formed?

A

Formed by Russian liberals due tot he defeat of the war

70
Q

What was the impact of the Union of liberation?

A

Played a key role in the 1905 revolution