In terms of education what was there a growth in?

Primary education provisions

What percentage of children were now in full time education?

55%

What did trade unions allow?

Industrial workers to have a voice

What was the limitations of trade unions?

Russia was mainly agriculture therefore it was only confined to a small minority

What was there massive public support for in 1913?

Jubilee

In what year did the Jubilee gain support?

1913

What was the impact of the 1913, Jubilee?

People getting caught up in patriotic feeling as they knew war was coming soon. Tsar represented Russia.

What was the population of Russia in 1914?

166 million

In what year was the population of Russia 166 million?

1914

Where did 80% of the population live?

Rural areas

What percentage of the population live in rural areas?

80%

In 1914, out of 1,000 towns, how many had water?

200

In what year did 200 towns have piped water out of 1,000?

1914

In 1914, out of 1,000 towns, how many had sewage?

38 had sewage systems

In what year did 38 towns have a sewage system out of 1,000?

1914

When was there an outbreak of cholera?

1910

What epidemic occurred in 1910?

Cholera

How many people died as a result of the 1910 cholera epidemic?

100,000 deaths

What resulted in the death of 100,000 people?

1910 cholera outbreak

What was the inflation rate

40%

What was a clear example of the ineffective trade unions?

Lena Goldfields strikes that led to the killing of miners

What percentage of the population remained peasants?

80%

What happened to healthcare?

Extension of provisions by Zemstavs

Who extended healthcare provisions?

Zemstavs

What did the Zemstavs do to healthcare?

Extended the provsisions

What did Stolypin promise by 1918?

Universal education

When did Stolypin promise universal education to be established?

1918

Who promised that there would be universal education in 1918?

Stolypin

What percentage of government spending went to education in 1907?

1.8%

What percentage of government spending went to education in 1912

4.2%

In what year was government spending on education equal to 1.8%

1907

In what year was government spending on education equal to 4.2%

1912

In 1907, what did the government spend 1.8% of their budget on?

Education

In 1912, what did the government spend 4.2% of their budget on?

Education

Between 1907-12, what did the spending on education increase by

2.4

Between what years did spending on healthcare increase by 2.4%

1907-1912

By what percentage did the numbers in school increase by?

77%

What was the literacy rate in 1906?

30%

In what year was the literacy rate 30%

1906

What was the literacy rate in 1914?

40%

In what year was the literacy rate 40%

1914

What did wages rise by?

245-264 roubles

How many university students were there in 1860?

5,000

How many university students were there in 1914?

69,000

When were there 5,000 university students?

1860

When were there 69,000 students in university?

1914

What happened to university students between 1860-1914?

5,000 to 69,000

During what period had the number of university students increase from 5,000 to 69,000?

1860-1914

What was the number of daily newspapers in 1860?

13

When was the number of daily newspapers equal to 13?

1860

When was the number of daily newspapers equal to 856?

1914

What was the number of daily newspapers in 1914?

856

What was the population in 1815?

40 million

When was the population 40 million?

1815

What was the population in 1914?

165 million

When was the population 165 million?

1914

What happened to the population between 1815 and 1914?

40 million to 165 million

When had the population increased from 40 to 165 million?

1815 to 1914

What was shown in the 1897 census?

0.5% of the population were ruling classes

When were 0.5% of the population ruling classes?

1897

In the 1897 census, what proportion of the population was the nobility?

12%

In the 1897 census, what proportion of the population was the peasantry?

82%

In the 1897 census, what proportion of the population were the middle class?

1.5%

What was the number of deaths due to a 1891 famine?

350,000

What caused the death of 350,000 people?

1891 famine

What happened in 1901?

Famine

In what famine kill 350,000 people?

1891

What was the industrial workforce in 1912?

2.9 million

When was the industrial force equal to 2.9 million people?

1912

Where did most industrial workers live?

Moscow

St Petersburg

What were the working conditions for workers?

Dreadful

What were the working hours remained as?

11.5 hours

When was a peasants land bank formed?

1883

What was formed in 1883?

Peasants land bank

What was abolished in 1886?

Peasant poll tax

When was the Peasant poll tax abolished?

1886

Despite the formation of the peasants land bank (1883) and the peasant poll tax (1886), what was the feeling amongst peasants?

Aggravated by their poor living standards

Whhat was the literacy rate in 1897?

21%

In what year was the literacy rate equal to 21%?

1897