9. Situation In 1914 (Social) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 9. Situation In 1914 (Social) Deck (79)
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1
Q

In terms of education what was there a growth in?

A

Primary education provisions

2
Q

What percentage of children were now in full time education?

A

55%

3
Q

What did trade unions allow?

A

Industrial workers to have a voice

4
Q

What was the limitations of trade unions?

A

Russia was mainly agriculture therefore it was only confined to a small minority

5
Q

What was there massive public support for in 1913?

A

Jubilee

6
Q

In what year did the Jubilee gain support?

A

1913

7
Q

What was the impact of the 1913, Jubilee?

A

People getting caught up in patriotic feeling as they knew war was coming soon. Tsar represented Russia.

8
Q

What was the population of Russia in 1914?

A

166 million

9
Q

In what year was the population of Russia 166 million?

A

1914

10
Q

Where did 80% of the population live?

A

Rural areas

11
Q

What percentage of the population live in rural areas?

A

80%

12
Q

In 1914, out of 1,000 towns, how many had water?

A

200

13
Q

In what year did 200 towns have piped water out of 1,000?

A

1914

14
Q

In 1914, out of 1,000 towns, how many had sewage?

A

38 had sewage systems

15
Q

In what year did 38 towns have a sewage system out of 1,000?

A

1914

16
Q

When was there an outbreak of cholera?

A

1910

17
Q

What epidemic occurred in 1910?

A

Cholera

18
Q

How many people died as a result of the 1910 cholera epidemic?

A

100,000 deaths

19
Q

What resulted in the death of 100,000 people?

A

1910 cholera outbreak

20
Q

What was the inflation rate

A

40%

21
Q

What was a clear example of the ineffective trade unions?

A

Lena Goldfields strikes that led to the killing of miners

22
Q

What percentage of the population remained peasants?

A

80%

23
Q

What happened to healthcare?

A

Extension of provisions by Zemstavs

24
Q

Who extended healthcare provisions?

A

Zemstavs

25
Q

What did the Zemstavs do to healthcare?

A

Extended the provsisions

26
Q

What did Stolypin promise by 1918?

A

Universal education

27
Q

When did Stolypin promise universal education to be established?

A

1918

28
Q

Who promised that there would be universal education in 1918?

A

Stolypin

29
Q

What percentage of government spending went to education in 1907?

A

1.8%

30
Q

What percentage of government spending went to education in 1912

A

4.2%

31
Q

In what year was government spending on education equal to 1.8%

A

1907

32
Q

In what year was government spending on education equal to 4.2%

A

1912

33
Q

In 1907, what did the government spend 1.8% of their budget on?

A

Education

34
Q

In 1912, what did the government spend 4.2% of their budget on?

A

Education

35
Q

Between 1907-12, what did the spending on education increase by

A

2.4

36
Q

Between what years did spending on healthcare increase by 2.4%

A

1907-1912

37
Q

By what percentage did the numbers in school increase by?

A

77%

38
Q

What was the literacy rate in 1906?

A

30%

39
Q

In what year was the literacy rate 30%

A

1906

40
Q

What was the literacy rate in 1914?

A

40%

41
Q

In what year was the literacy rate 40%

A

1914

42
Q

What did wages rise by?

A

245-264 roubles

43
Q

How many university students were there in 1860?

A

5,000

44
Q

How many university students were there in 1914?

A

69,000

45
Q

When were there 5,000 university students?

A

1860

46
Q

When were there 69,000 students in university?

A

1914

47
Q

What happened to university students between 1860-1914?

A

5,000 to 69,000

48
Q

During what period had the number of university students increase from 5,000 to 69,000?

A

1860-1914

49
Q

What was the number of daily newspapers in 1860?

A

13

50
Q

When was the number of daily newspapers equal to 13?

A

1860

51
Q

When was the number of daily newspapers equal to 856?

A

1914

52
Q

What was the number of daily newspapers in 1914?

A

856

53
Q

What was the population in 1815?

A

40 million

54
Q

When was the population 40 million?

A

1815

55
Q

What was the population in 1914?

A

165 million

56
Q

When was the population 165 million?

A

1914

57
Q

What happened to the population between 1815 and 1914?

A

40 million to 165 million

58
Q

When had the population increased from 40 to 165 million?

A

1815 to 1914

59
Q

What was shown in the 1897 census?

A

0.5% of the population were ruling classes

60
Q

When were 0.5% of the population ruling classes?

A

1897

61
Q

In the 1897 census, what proportion of the population was the nobility?

A

12%

62
Q

In the 1897 census, what proportion of the population was the peasantry?

A

82%

63
Q

In the 1897 census, what proportion of the population were the middle class?

A

1.5%

64
Q

What was the number of deaths due to a 1891 famine?

A

350,000

65
Q

What caused the death of 350,000 people?

A

1891 famine

66
Q

What happened in 1901?

A

Famine

67
Q

In what famine kill 350,000 people?

A

1891

68
Q

What was the industrial workforce in 1912?

A

2.9 million

69
Q

When was the industrial force equal to 2.9 million people?

A

1912

70
Q

Where did most industrial workers live?

A

Moscow

St Petersburg

71
Q

What were the working conditions for workers?

A

Dreadful

72
Q

What were the working hours remained as?

A

11.5 hours

73
Q

When was a peasants land bank formed?

A

1883

74
Q

What was formed in 1883?

A

Peasants land bank

75
Q

What was abolished in 1886?

A

Peasant poll tax

76
Q

When was the Peasant poll tax abolished?

A

1886

77
Q

Despite the formation of the peasants land bank (1883) and the peasant poll tax (1886), what was the feeling amongst peasants?

A

Aggravated by their poor living standards

78
Q

Whhat was the literacy rate in 1897?

A

21%

79
Q

In what year was the literacy rate equal to 21%?

A

1897