7/20 Questions Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7/20 Questions Exam 1 Deck (22):
1

What are the six more commonly used classifications of normal bone?

Long bone
Short bone
Flat bone
Irregular bone
Paranasal sinus or Pneumatic bone
Sesamoid bone

2

What are the classifications given to abnormal bone stressed in Spinal II?

Heterotopic
Accessory bone

3

What is the name given to bone formed in a non-bone location?

heterotopic bone

4

What is the name given to bone formed from existing bone?

Accessory bone

5

What are the names given to the parts of a long bone?

The diaphysis (shaft)
Typically two epiphyses (extremities)

6

What is the primary characteristic of short bones?

They are essentially cuboidal

7

What are examples of short bones?

Most of the bones of the carpus and tarsus

8

What are examples of flat bones?

The parietal bone and sternum

9

What are examples of pneumatic bone?

Frontal
Ethmoid
Maxilla
Sphenoid
Temporal

10

What bones contain paranasal sinuses?

Frontal
Ethmoid
Maxilla
Sphenoid

11

What is the characteristic of sesamoid bone?

The bone develops within a tendon

12

What are consistent examples of sesamoid bones?

Patella and Pisiform

13

What are examples of heterotopic bone?

Calcific Deposits in the pineal gland, heart, and ligaments

14

What are examples of accessory bone?

Para-articular processes and bony spurs of vertebrae

15

What are the four basic surface feature categories?

Elevations
Depressions
Tunnels
Passageways
Facets

16

What are the types of osseous elevations?

Linear
Rounded
Sharp

17

What are the types of osseous linear elevation?

The line
Ridge
Crest

18

What are the types of rounded osseous elevations?

Tubercle
Protuberance
Trochanter
Tuberosity
Malleolus

19

What is the definition of an osseous trochanter?

Large, blunt projection from the surface of bone with a significant base and height

20

What is the definition of an osseous malleolus?

Hammerhead-like elevation on the surface of bone

21

What are the categories of sharp osseous elevations?

Spine and Process

22

What are the primary sources of variation observed in bone?

Sexual dimorphism
Ontogenetic variation
Geographic or Population based variation
Idiosyncratic Variation