7/30 Questions Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7/30 Questions Exam 1 Deck (19):
1

What ligament will attach to the lamina?

the ligamentum flavum

2

What is the name given to abnormal bone at the attachment site of the ligamentum flavum?

para-articular process

3

What classification of bone will para-articular processes represent?

accessory bone

4

What is the name given to the overlap of laminae seen on X-ray?

shingling

5

What is the name given to the lamina - pedicle junction at each region of the spine?

cervical - articular pillar; thoracic and lumbar - pars interarticularis

6

What is the name given to the junction of the vertebral arch - spinous process on lateral X-ray?

the spinolaminar junction

7

What names may be given to each apophysis of the spine?

the transverse apophysis or transverse process; articular apophysis or articular process; spinous apophysis or spinous process

8

What is the generic orientation of the transverse process or transverse apophysis at each region of the spine?

cervical - anterolateral; thoracic - posterolateral; lumbar - lateral

9

What is the name given to the rounded elevation at the end of the transverse apophysis or transverse process?

the transverse tubercle

10

What will cause the transverse process/transverse apophysis to alter its initial direction in the cervical region?

cervical spinal nerves are pulled forward to form the cervical and brachial nerve plexuses thus remodeling the transverse process to accommodate their new position

11

What will cause the transverse process/transverse apophysis to alter its initial direction in the thoracic region?

the growth of the lungs remodel the shape of the ribs which in turn push the transverse processes backward

12

What is the name given to the joint formed between articular facets of a vertebral couple?

zygapophysis

13

What is the name given to the part of the vertebra forming the pre-zygapophysis?

the superior articular process or superior articular apophysis

14

What is the name given to the part of the vertebra forming the post-zygapophysis?

the inferior articular process or inferior articular apophysis

15

What will form the posterior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen?

the inferior articular process/post-zygapophysis, the superior articular process/pre-zygapophysis, the capsular ligament, and the ligamentum flavum

16

What will form the superior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen?

the inferior vertebral notch or inferior vertebral incisure

17

What will form the inferior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen?

the superior vertebral notch or superior vertebral incisure

18

What will form the anterior boundary of a typical intervertebral foramen?

the vertebral body of the segment above, the vertebral body of the segment below, the intervertebral disc, and the posterior longitudinal ligament

19

All lamina are oriented in what direction?

Posterior and median