8/31 Questions Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 8/31 Questions Exam 2 Deck (27):
1

Which muscle(s) is attached to the vertebral body of T12?

psoas major and psoas minor

2

What does the lateral tubercle of T12 represent?

the transverse process

3

What does the superior tubercle of T12 represent?

the mammillary process of lumbar vertebrae

4

What does the inferior tubercle of T12 represent?

the accessory process of lumbar vertebrae

5

What is the location of the lateral tubercle?

it projects laterally from the pars interarticularis of T12

6

What joint surface of the typical thoracic transverse process is absent on T12?

the transverse costal facet

7

What ligaments form the costotransverse joint of the twelfth rib?

the superior costotransverse ligament from T11 and the lumbocostal ligament from L1

8

Which costotransverse ligament(s) are attached at T12?

none, capsular, superior, inferior, and lateral costotransverse ligaments lack an attachment to T12

9

What muscles attach to the transverse process region of T12?

longissimus thoracis
semispinalis thoracis
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
intertransversarii

10

Which segment is the last to demostrate a levator costarum brevis attachment?

T11

11

Which segment is the last to demostrate a levator costarum longus attachment?

T10

12

What is the orientation of the superior articular facets of T12?

they face backward, upward, and lateral (BUL)

13

What is the orientation of the inferior articular facets of T12?

they face forward, downward, and lateral (FoLD)

14

How many synovial joints are typically present at T12?

6

15

What muscles attach to the spinous process of T12?

trapezius
latissimus dorsi
serratus posterior inferior
iliocostalis lumborum
spinalis thoracis
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
interspinalis

16

What is the generic shape of the typical lumbar vertebral body from the cranial view?

reniform or kidney-shaped

17

What accounts for the direction of the lumbar curve?

the vertebral body and intervertebral disc have a greater anterior height than posterior height

18

How many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical lumbar?

6

19

How many synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical lumbar?

none

20

How many cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis joint surfaces are on a typical lumbar vertebral body?

2

21

How many fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis joint surfaces are on a typcial lumbar vertebral body?

4

22

What muscle(s) may attach from the first lumbar vertebral body?

psoas major and psoas minor

23

What muscle(s) may attach from the second down to the fourth lumbar vertebral body?

psoas major

24

Psoas minor will only attach to the vertebral body of which segments?

T12, T1

25

What is the name given to ligaments that attach the vertebral body to articular process?

transforaminal ligaments

26

What ligaments attach the vertebral body to the transverse process?

corporotransverse ligaments

27

Cervical-upper thoracic Hofmann ligaments will attach what structures together?

dura mater to segments above