Flashcards in 9/2 Questions Exam 2 Deck (23):
What muscles will attach to the typical lumbar spinous process?
serratus posterior inferior
What is the appearance of the fifth lumbar vertebral body from the lateral view?
anterior height is greater than posterior height by several millimeters; it appears to form a wedge on a lateral X-ray view
How many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of the fifth lumbar?
How many synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of the fifth lumbar?
How many cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of L5?
How many fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of L5?
What muscle(s) attach to the fifth lumbar vertebral body?
what ligaments attach the vertebral body to the transverse process?
What are the types of Hofmann ligaments?
anterior Hofmann ligaments
posterior Hofmann ligaments
lateral Hofmann ligaments
proximal root sleeve ligaments
What accounts for the shortness of the L5 transverse process?
the hip/innominate bones diminish the available space in the transverse plane
Congenital elongation of the lumbar accessory process results in what feature?
What parts of a vertebra are attached via the mammillo-accessory ligament?
the mammillary process and accessory process of the same segment
What muscles may attach to the transverse process of the fifth thoracic vertebra?
What ligaments traditionally attach to the transverse process of the fifth lumbar vertebra?
What is the orientation of the fifth lumbar superior articular facet?
backward, upward, medial (BUM); typically concave
What is the orientation of the fifth lumbar inferior articular facet?
forward, lateral, downward (FoLD); significant convexity
What is the name given to the congenital condition in which the fifth lumbar spinous process is elongated, the sacrum exhibits spina bifida, and dorsiflexion produces pain?
Knife Clasp Syndrome
What muscles will attach to the fifth lumbar spinous process?
What part of the sacral ala is derived from the costal element?
the anterior two-thirds
How many fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis joint surfaces are present on the S1 vertebral body?
How many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of the first sacral segment?
What muscle(s) may attach to the first sacral vertebral body?