9/2 Questions Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 9/2 Questions Exam 2 Deck (23):
1

What muscles will attach to the typical lumbar spinous process?

latissimus dorsi
serratus posterior inferior
iliocostalis lumborum
longissimus thoracis
spinalis thoracis
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
interspinalis

2

What is the appearance of the fifth lumbar vertebral body from the lateral view?

anterior height is greater than posterior height by several millimeters; it appears to form a wedge on a lateral X-ray view

3

How many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of the fifth lumbar?

6

4

How many synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of the fifth lumbar?

none

5

How many cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of L5?

2

6

How many fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of L5?

4

7

What muscle(s) attach to the fifth lumbar vertebral body?

psoas major

8

what ligaments attach the vertebral body to the transverse process?

corporotransverse ligaments

9

What are the types of Hofmann ligaments?

anterior Hofmann ligaments
posterior Hofmann ligaments
lateral Hofmann ligaments
proximal root sleeve ligaments

10

What accounts for the shortness of the L5 transverse process?

the hip/innominate bones diminish the available space in the transverse plane

11

Congenital elongation of the lumbar accessory process results in what feature?

styloid process

12

What parts of a vertebra are attached via the mammillo-accessory ligament?

the mammillary process and accessory process of the same segment

13

What muscles may attach to the transverse process of the fifth thoracic vertebra?

psoas major
quadratus lumborum
longissimus thoracis
rotator brevis
rotator longus
intertransversarii

14

What ligaments traditionally attach to the transverse process of the fifth lumbar vertebra?

lumbosacral
iliolumbar
mammillo-accessory ligaments

15

What is the orientation of the fifth lumbar superior articular facet?

backward, upward, medial (BUM); typically concave

16

What is the orientation of the fifth lumbar inferior articular facet?

forward, lateral, downward (FoLD); significant convexity

17

What is the name given to the congenital condition in which the fifth lumbar spinous process is elongated, the sacrum exhibits spina bifida, and dorsiflexion produces pain?

Knife Clasp Syndrome

18

What muscles will attach to the fifth lumbar spinous process?

latissimus dorsi
iliocostalis lumborum
longissimus thoracis
multifidis
rotator longus
rotator brevis
interspinalis

19

What part of the sacral ala is derived from the costal element?

the anterior two-thirds

20

How many fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis joint surfaces are present on the S1 vertebral body?

4

21

How many joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of the first sacral segment?

5

22

What muscle(s) may attach to the first sacral vertebral body?

psoas major

23

What is the name(s) of the condition in which the typical lumbar spinous process increases in length due to the aging process?

Baastrup's syndrome or kissing spines