8: Disability Overview Flashcards Preview

Simmons NURP 503 Exam 3 > 8: Disability Overview > Flashcards

Flashcards in 8: Disability Overview Deck (15)
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1
Q

When did the American Disabilities Act go into law?

A

1990

2
Q

Law that prohibits discrimination based on disability and ensures protections similar to the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

A

American Disabilities Act

3
Q

Law that mandates free, appropriate public education and related services for all with disabilities.

A

Individuals with Disabilities Act (1975, 1990, 2004)

4
Q

Are males or females more likely to have developmental disabilities?

A

Males (2x)

5
Q

Law that requires access to education in the least restrictive environment.

A

Public Law 94-142 (Part of Individuals with Disabilities Act)

6
Q

Presents as substantial limitations in cognitive functioning.

A

Intellectual Disability

7
Q

In the US, 1 in _____ children has a developmental disability.

A

6 (15% of children age 3-17 years)

8
Q

An intellectual disability manifests before age _____.

A

18

9
Q

Etiology of developmental disabilities (6).

A
  1. Chromosomal abnormalities
  2. Sex chromosome abnormalities
  3. Autosomal dominant and recessive conditions
  4. Multifactorial and sporadic conditions
  5. Perinatal factors
  6. Postnatal factors
10
Q

A developmental disability must manifest before a person turns _____, is likely to continue indefinitely, and results in substantial functional limitations in _____ or more major areas of life.

A

22

3

11
Q

Denotes children who require health care services beyond the normally or typically developing child.

A

Special Health Care Needs (Used by the Federal Bureau of Maternal Child Health)

12
Q

An intellectual disability exists concurrently with limitations in 2 more of what 5 areas?

A
  1. Adaptive skills
  2. Communication
  3. Self-care
  4. Social skills
  5. Health
13
Q

T/F Children insured by Medicaid and families with incomes below the poverty line have a higher prevalence of developmental disabilities.

A

True

14
Q

Significantly sub-average intellectual functioning.

A

Intellectual Disability (DSM-V)

15
Q

Severe, chronic disability of a person 5 years or older; attributable to a mental or physical impairment or both

A

Developmental Disability