Flashcards in 8: Disability Overview Deck (15):
When did the American Disabilities Act go into law?
Law that prohibits discrimination based on disability and ensures protections similar to the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
American Disabilities Act
Law that mandates free, appropriate public education and related services for all with disabilities.
Individuals with Disabilities Act (1975, 1990, 2004)
Are males or females more likely to have developmental disabilities?
Law that requires access to education in the least restrictive environment.
Public Law 94-142 (Part of Individuals with Disabilities Act)
Presents as substantial limitations in cognitive functioning.
In the US, 1 in _____ children has a developmental disability.
6 (15% of children age 3-17 years)
An intellectual disability manifests before age _____.
Etiology of developmental disabilities (6).
1. Chromosomal abnormalities
2. Sex chromosome abnormalities
3. Autosomal dominant and recessive conditions
4. Multifactorial and sporadic conditions
5. Perinatal factors
6. Postnatal factors
A developmental disability must manifest before a person turns _____, is likely to continue indefinitely, and results in substantial functional limitations in _____ or more major areas of life.
Denotes children who require health care services beyond the normally or typically developing child.
Special Health Care Needs (Used by the Federal Bureau of Maternal Child Health)
An intellectual disability exists concurrently with limitations in 2 more of what 5 areas?
1. Adaptive skills
4. Social skills
T/F Children insured by Medicaid and families with incomes below the poverty line have a higher prevalence of developmental disabilities.
Significantly sub-average intellectual functioning.
Intellectual Disability (DSM-V)