8: Klinefelter and Turner Syndromes Flashcards Preview

Simmons NURP 503 Exam 3 > 8: Klinefelter and Turner Syndromes > Flashcards

Flashcards in 8: Klinefelter and Turner Syndromes Deck (7)
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1
Q

When is Klinefelter often diagnosed.

A

Puberty. Often not diagnosed until men are unable to have children.

2
Q

What is the treatment for Turner syndrome?

A

Hormone therapy. Estrogen replacement therapy can begin at age 12.

3
Q

Does Klinefelter affect males or females?

A

Males

4
Q

Characteristics for Turner syndrome (11).

A
  1. Webbed neck
  2. Shield chest
  3. Lymphadema of hands/feet
  4. Heart defect
  5. Normal IQ
  6. Short stature
  7. Fertility issues (early loss of ovarian function, no puberty, infertile)
  8. Scoliosis
  9. Kyphosis
  10. Osteopenia
  11. Osteoporosis
5
Q

When is Turner syndrome usually diagnosed?

A

Wide range of age for diagnosis.

6
Q

Characteristics of Klinefelter (3).

A
  1. Absence/reduced secondary sex characteristics (facial hair, libido).
  2. Microorchidism (otherwise normal genitalia, lack of sperm, and sterility).
  3. Normal to borderline IQ (IQ diminishes as number of sex chromosomes increases).
7
Q

What is the abnormality with Klinefelter?

A

Extra X (XXY) in males. Rare cases have 48 or 49 chromosomes (XXXY or XXXXY).