8: Klinefelter and Turner Syndromes Flashcards Preview

Simmons NURP 503 Exam 3 > 8: Klinefelter and Turner Syndromes > Flashcards

Flashcards in 8: Klinefelter and Turner Syndromes Deck (7):
1

When is Klinefelter often diagnosed.

Puberty. Often not diagnosed until men are unable to have children.

2

What is the treatment for Turner syndrome?

Hormone therapy. Estrogen replacement therapy can begin at age 12.

3

Does Klinefelter affect males or females?

Males

4

Characteristics for Turner syndrome (11).

1. Webbed neck
2. Shield chest
3. Lymphadema of hands/feet
4. Heart defect
5. Normal IQ
6. Short stature
7. Fertility issues (early loss of ovarian function, no puberty, infertile)
8. Scoliosis
9. Kyphosis
10. Osteopenia
11. Osteoporosis

5

When is Turner syndrome usually diagnosed?

Wide range of age for diagnosis.

6

Characteristics of Klinefelter (3).

1. Absence/reduced secondary sex characteristics (facial hair, libido).
2. Microorchidism (otherwise normal genitalia, lack of sperm, and sterility).
3. Normal to borderline IQ (IQ diminishes as number of sex chromosomes increases).

7

What is the abnormality with Klinefelter?

Extra X (XXY) in males. Rare cases have 48 or 49 chromosomes (XXXY or XXXXY).