Flashcards in 9/7/12 pt. III Deck (24)
Does the trachea deviate toward or away from the affected lung in a large pleural effusion?`
Does the trachea deviate toward or away from the affected lung in atelectasis?
Name 2 drugs that can cause seizures.
Pick's disease affects what area of the brain?
Where in the cell is transketolase found? What pathway is it involved with?
cytoplasm; pentose phosphate
What is the defective protein in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
beta-myosin heavy chain, a cardiac sarcomere protein
Injury to what blood vessel is likely to occur in fracture of the neck of the femur and may cause avascular necrosis?
medial circumflex a.
Wilson's disease causes cystic degeneration of what area of the brain?
Where can you see the caudate nucleus in a coronal section of the cortex?
lateral to ventricles, supero-medial to internal capsule
What is the most common manifestation of CMV infection in the immunocompetent adult?
What is the most common manifestation of CMV infection in an HIV pt?
Which TB drug works best intracellularly?
Nevirapine, efavirenz, and delavirdine are all ...
non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)
Dofetilide, which may be used for pharmacological cardioversion, is what kind of anti-arrhythmic?
Class III - slows K+ rectifier current
What is pituitary apoplexy?
hemorrhage into a pre-existing pituitary adenoma
How does the tetrodotoxin block the action potential?
binds closed Na+ channels, preventing depolarization
peptostreptococcus and fusobacterium may be found where in the normal adult?
What is chlorpheniramine?
first gen H1 receptor antagonist (like diphenhydramine)
What do jistological specimens of HAV infected livers look like?
ballooning degeneration of hepatocytes, mononuclear infiltrates, and Councilman bodies (eosinophilic, apoptotic hepatocytes)
Middle-aged male w/ chronic GI upset, greasy stools, weight loss, joint pain, and PAS+ macrophage infiltrate in lamina propria of intestine. Dx?
Amphotericin B and Nystatin inhibit fungal growth by?
binding ergosterol in cell membrane
What system converts pro-carcinogens to carcinogens?
What two organ systems does Kaposi's sarcoma affect?
Skin and GI