A2 - Behaviourist Approach Flashcards Preview

BTEC Unit 3 Health Psychology (A1, A2, A3, B1, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3) > A2 - Behaviourist Approach > Flashcards

Flashcards in A2 - Behaviourist Approach Deck (11)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

What is secondary reinforcement?

A

Rewards associated with basic needs.

2
Q

What is an example of secondary reinforcement?

A

Money buys food.

3
Q

What is primary reinforcement?

A

Rewards fulfil a basic need.

4
Q

What is an example of primary reinforcement?

A

Food satisfies.

5
Q

What is positive reinforcement?

A

A positive stimulus is added, encouraging the activity or behaviour.

6
Q

What is negative reinforcement?

A

A negative consequence or stimulus is removed.

7
Q

How does positive reinforcement explain smoking?

A

Nicotine stimulates dopamine, the dopamine produces a calming effect and the feeling is rewarding, making one continue.

8
Q

How does negative reinforcement explain smoking?

A

The smoker doesn’t have nicotine so goes through withdrawal, if they smoke a cigarette they will feel at ease.

9
Q

What’s incentivising behaviour?

A

Getting rewards or removing negative stimuli to modify behaviour.

10
Q

What’s a token economy?

A

It was designed to increase good behaviour and decrease bad behaviour with the use of rewards (tokens)

11
Q

What were the findings of Higgins (1991)

A

He found that 22.5% of women who were offered vouchers stopped smoking by 38 weeks compared to the control group, 8.6% stopped.