Abdominal planes, regions, and quadrants Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abdominal planes, regions, and quadrants Deck (14):
1

Name 4 horizontal planes

transpyloric
subcostal
transtubercular
trans umbilical



2

Transpyloric plane

horizontal

T12-L1

half way between jugular notch AND pubic symphysis

runs through pyloric part of stomach which is fixed

3

half way between jugular notch AND pubic symphysis

transpyloric line

T12-L1

runs through pyloric part of stomach

4

subcostal plane

horizontal

10th costal cartilages, about at Superior border LV3



5

transtubercular plane

horizontal

tubercles of the iliac crests

body of Lv5

6

transumbiical

horizontal

LV3-LV4

similar to supracristal plane
which crosses the superior
edges of the iliac crest

7

Midclavicular

vertical plan

midpoint of clavicle
midinguinal point

8

Midsagittal

vertical plane, median

runs with linea alba, passes through ubmilicus

9

Content of RUQ (partial list)

gallbladder
duodenum, right pleura
liver (right lobe)
right kidney

10

Content LUQ (partial list)

spleen
stomach
left pleura
tail of the pancreas
left kidney

11

content of RLQ (partial list)

right ureter
cecum
ilial diverticulum
vermiform appendix

12

LLQ (partial list)

left ureter
descending and sigmoid colon

13

Quadrants describe what three thingd

pain, viscera location, and palpable or audible abnormalities

14

Regions (9)

Right and Left hypochondriac
R and left lumbar
Right and Left inguinal (iliacs)
Epigastric
hypogastric
umbilical