Peritoneum, cavity, and Ligaments Flashcards Preview

COM Anatomy, Biochemistry, OS > Peritoneum, cavity, and Ligaments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Peritoneum, cavity, and Ligaments Deck (11):
1

Intraperitoneal definition

organs that are completely covered by peritoneum and have a mesentery

Abdominal and Pelvic, respectively

2

Extraperitoneal definition

organs that have no mesentery or lost it during development

Retroperitoneal (Primarily and Secondarily): organs covered by peritoneum on one side

Intraperitoneal/subperitoneal:

3

Abdominal peritoneal cavity (intraperitoneal organs)

stomach
spleen
small intestines (jejunum, ileum, some duodenum)
liver
large intestines (transverse and sigmoid)
Gallbladder
Cecum with vermiform appendix

4

Pelvic peritoneal cavity (intraperitoneal organs)

OUT

Ovaries, uterus, uterine tubes

5

Extraperitoneal

Primarily retroperitoneal organs

kidneys
suprarenal gland
uterine cervix

Aorta + IVC

gonads

adrenals

6

Extraperitoneal

Secondarily retroperitoneal

Duodenum (Descending, horizontal, ascending)
Ascending and descending colon
rectum (upper 1/3)
pancreas

7

Extraperitoneal

Infraperitoneal/subperitoneal organs

Urinary bladder
Distal Ureters
Prostate
Seminal vesicle
Uterine cervix
Vagina
Rectum (lower 1/3)

8

THE mesentery

attaches small intestine to posterior body wall

jejunum and ileum

9

derivatives of the foregut

esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, upper duodenum

10

derivatives of the midgut

lower duogenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum, appendix ascending colon, proximal two thirds of the transverse colon

11

derivatives of the hindgut

distal third of the transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum, and upper anal canal