ACE Inhibitors Flashcards Preview

Nursing 2P16 > ACE Inhibitors > Flashcards

Flashcards in ACE Inhibitors Deck (16):
1

ramipril trade name

altace

2

ramipril drug class

ACE inhibitor & antihypertensive

3

ramipril why use

hypertension, CHF, reduce risk MI, stroke, CV disorder

4

ramipril expected effect

suppress RAAS system
inhibit ACE
prevent conversion angiotensin to angiotensin 2

5

ramipril adverse effects

every side effect listed from other drugs

6

ramipril doses

hypertension: PO 2.5mg/day then 2.5-2 BID
CHF: PO 1.25-2.5 BID
renal: confusing
reduce risk MI, stroke: 2.5mg for 7 days then 5mg 21 days

7

ramipril route admin

PO

8

ramipril nursing considerations

renal disease (protein, BUN, creatine, K, Na, renal urine symptoms)

CHF (edema, weight)

hypertension

collagen vascular disease (CBC, watch for low platelets)

teach: rise slowly bc BP, may cause dizzy/ rash
notify swelling, sores

9

benazepril trade name

Lotensin

10

benazepril drug classes

antihypertensive, ACE inhibitor

11

benazepril route admin

PO

12

benazepril expected effect

Suppress RAAS. inhibit enzyme converting angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2. Angiotensin 2 vasoconstrictor & ^BP. When inhibited blood vessels dilate & lower BP

13

benazepril side effects

hepatotoxicity, pancreatitis, agranulocytosis, neutropenia, angioedema, Stevens Johnson syndrome

14

benazepril nursing considerations

discontinue diuretic,
monitor urine for protein BUN creatine
assess BP, platelets, neutrophils (less 1000 discontinue med), WBC
- no OTC meds, on salt with K
- if symptoms get better continue taking
- not take if pregnant
- assess for allergic reactions

15

why use benazepril

hypertension
renal impairment
diabetic nephropathy
proteinuria

16

benazepril dosages

10mg to start then 20-40mg daily
if taken with diuretic reduce to 5mg
max 80mg/day