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Flashcards in Acids and Bases Deck (33):
1

Acids ___________ protons

Donate

2

Bases _________ protons

Accept

3

Substances that can act as an acid or base depending on what it's mixed with, ex: water

Amphoteric Substance

4

___________ acids completely dissociate in water

Strong

5

_________ acids partially dissociate

Weak

6

Where does equilibrium lie in strong acids?

Far to the right

7

Where does equilibrium lie in weak acids?

Left or middle

8

What are the big six strong acids?

-perchloric acid
-hydro iodic acid
-hydrobromic acid
-hydrochloric acid
-nitric acid
-sulfuric acid

9

HClO4

Perchloric acid

10

HCl

Hydrochloric Acid

11

HI

Hydro Iodic acid

12

HNO3

Nitric acid

13

HBr

Hydrobromic acid

14

H2SO4

Sulfuric Acid

15

What are the possible cations of strong bases?

-All group 1A cations
-Ca, Sr, Ba

16

Strong acids always have very ___________ conjugate bases

Weak

17

Very weak acids always have _______ conjugate bases

Strong

18

Acid strength ____________ when moving down a group

Increases

19

Conjugate base strength ____________ when moving down a group

Decreases

20

Oxoacid with an OH group bonded to an element that is not bound to other oxygens

HOY acids

21

Oxoacid where an OH group is bonded to an element that is bonded to other oxygens

HYO acids

22

In HOY acids, acid strength ___________ as the electronegativity of y increases

Increases

23

In HYO acids, acid strength ____________ as more Oxygens are added to the central Y

Increases

24

Weak organic acids

Carboxylic acids

25

In carboxylic acids, the more electronegative the elements that make 'R' the ____________ the acid

stronger

26

Kw=

1.0x10^-14

27

A pH of what is neutral?

7

28

Solutions with a pH larger that 7 are __________

Basic

29

Solutions with a pH less than 7 are ___________

Acidic

30

The stronger the acid/base the ________ the Ka value

Larger

31

The stronger the acid/base the __________ the pKa

Smaller

32

Acids that can donate more than one H+ in a solution

Polyprotic acids

33

Blood is a ___________

Base