Flashcards in Acids and Bases Deck (33):
Acids ___________ protons
Bases _________ protons
Substances that can act as an acid or base depending on what it's mixed with, ex: water
___________ acids completely dissociate in water
_________ acids partially dissociate
Where does equilibrium lie in strong acids?
Far to the right
Where does equilibrium lie in weak acids?
Left or middle
What are the big six strong acids?
-hydro iodic acid
Hydro Iodic acid
What are the possible cations of strong bases?
-All group 1A cations
-Ca, Sr, Ba
Strong acids always have very ___________ conjugate bases
Very weak acids always have _______ conjugate bases
Acid strength ____________ when moving down a group
Conjugate base strength ____________ when moving down a group
Oxoacid with an OH group bonded to an element that is not bound to other oxygens
Oxoacid where an OH group is bonded to an element that is bonded to other oxygens
In HOY acids, acid strength ___________ as the electronegativity of y increases
In HYO acids, acid strength ____________ as more Oxygens are added to the central Y
Weak organic acids
In carboxylic acids, the more electronegative the elements that make 'R' the ____________ the acid
A pH of what is neutral?
Solutions with a pH larger that 7 are __________
Solutions with a pH less than 7 are ___________
The stronger the acid/base the ________ the Ka value
The stronger the acid/base the __________ the pKa
Acids that can donate more than one H+ in a solution