Flashcards in ACMS CERTIFICATION REVIEW Deck (59)
What is regional or topographic anatomy?
organized in regions, parts or divisions ( e.g hands, mouth)
What is systemic anatomy?
Organized according to organ systems ( e.g nervous system, repiratory system )
What is Biomechanics?
The principles of physics related to the energy and force as they apply to the human body.
What is Proximal?
Nearest to the body center, joint center or reference point.
What is Distal?
Away from the body center, joint center or reference point.
What is Superior (cranial)?
Above, towards the head
What is Inferior (caudal)?
Lower than, towards the feet.
What is Anterior (ventral)?
Towards the front
What is Posterior (dorsal)?
Towards the back
What is Medial?
Closer to the midline
What is lateral?
Away from the midline
How many planes the body has?
3 cardinal planes, sagittal, frontal and transverse (horizontal).
What is the sagittal plane?
Makes a division into right and left portions
What is the frontal plane?
Makes a division into anetrior and posterior portions
What is the transverse plane or (horizontal plane)?
Make a division into the superior and inferior portions
How many axes the body has?
3 Mediolateral, Anteroposterior and longitudinal axis
What is the Mediolateral axis?
Lies perpendicular to the sagittal plane
What is the Anteroposterior axis?
Lies perpendicular to the frontal plane
What is the Longitudinal axis?
Lies perpendicular to the transverse plane
What is Flexion?
Movement that decreases the joint angle. It occurs in the sagittal plane around the mediolateral axis
What is Extentsion?
Movement opposite of flexion, increases the joint angle . It occurs in the sagittal plane around the mediolateral axis.
What is Adduction?
Movement towards the midline of the body in a frontal plane around an anteroposterior axis.
What is Abduction?
Movement away from the midline of the body in a frontal plane around the anteroposterior axis
What is Rotation?
Movement around a longitduinal axis and in the transverse plane, either towards the midline (internal) or away from the midline (external)
What is Circumduction?
A combination of flexion, extension, abduction and adduction. The segment moving in circumduction describes a cone.
What is Pronation?
A rotational movement at the radioulnar joint in a transverse plane about a longitudinal axis that results in the palm facing downward.
What is Supination?
A rotational movement at the radioulnar joint in a transverse plane about a longitudinal axis that results in the palm facing upward.
What is Plantarflexion?
Extension at the ankle joint.
What is Dorsiflexion?
Flexion at the ankle joint