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Flashcards in ACMS CERTIFICATION REVIEW Deck (59)
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What is regional or topographic anatomy?

organized in regions, parts or divisions ( e.g hands, mouth)

1

What is systemic anatomy?

Organized according to organ systems ( e.g nervous system, repiratory system )

2

What is Biomechanics?

The principles of physics related to the energy and force as they apply to the human body.

3

What is Proximal?

Nearest to the body center, joint center or reference point.

4

What is Distal?

Away from the body center, joint center or reference point.

5

What is Superior (cranial)?

Above, towards the head

6

What is Inferior (caudal)?

Lower than, towards the feet.

7

What is Anterior (ventral)?

Towards the front

8

What is Posterior (dorsal)?

Towards the back

9

What is Medial?

Closer to the midline

10

What is lateral?

Away from the midline

11

How many planes the body has?

3 cardinal planes, sagittal, frontal and transverse (horizontal).

12

What is the sagittal plane?

Makes a division into right and left portions

13

What is the frontal plane?

Makes a division into anetrior and posterior portions

14

What is the transverse plane or (horizontal plane)?

Make a division into the superior and inferior portions

15

How many axes the body has?

3 Mediolateral, Anteroposterior and longitudinal axis

16

What is the Mediolateral axis?

Lies perpendicular to the sagittal plane

17

What is the Anteroposterior axis?

Lies perpendicular to the frontal plane

18

What is the Longitudinal axis?

Lies perpendicular to the transverse plane

19

What is Flexion?

Movement that decreases the joint angle. It occurs in the sagittal plane around the mediolateral axis

20

What is Extentsion?

Movement opposite of flexion, increases the joint angle . It occurs in the sagittal plane around the mediolateral axis.

21

What is Adduction?

Movement towards the midline of the body in a frontal plane around an anteroposterior axis.

22

What is Abduction?

Movement away from the midline of the body in a frontal plane around the anteroposterior axis

23

What is Rotation?

Movement around a longitduinal axis and in the transverse plane, either towards the midline (internal) or away from the midline (external)

24

What is Circumduction?

A combination of flexion, extension, abduction and adduction. The segment moving in circumduction describes a cone.

25

What is Pronation?

A rotational movement at the radioulnar joint in a transverse plane about a longitudinal axis that results in the palm facing downward.

26

What is Supination?

A rotational movement at the radioulnar joint in a transverse plane about a longitudinal axis that results in the palm facing upward.

27

What is Plantarflexion?

Extension at the ankle joint.

28

What is Dorsiflexion?

Flexion at the ankle joint

29

What is Eversion?

Moving the sole of the foot away from the midline (outward)