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Equipment needed VFR day

91.205
A airspeed ind
T tachometer
O oil pressure
M mag compass (whiskey)
A altimeter
T temp gauge if liquid cooled
O oil temp
E ELT
F fuel gauge
L landing gear position lights
A anti collision lights (3/11/1996)
M manifold pressure (VPP, turbo)
E emer eq (for hire over water outside glide, flotation devise and pyrotechnic signaling devise)
S seat belts

1

Equipment needed VFR night

91.205 same equip for day plus

F fuses, 3 of each or 1 full set
L landing light (for hire)
A anti collision lights
P position lights (Nav lights)
S source of electric power

2

Equipment needed for IFR

91.205 everything for day/night VFR plus

G generator or alternator
R radio 2 way comm and Nav equip necessary
A altimeter (sensitive=baro aided w/ kollsman)
B ball
C clock
A ADI
R rate of turn
D directional giro
D DME 240 and above

3

Required documents

A airworthiness cer (good as long as req maintain/inspection and ADs complied with)
R registration
R radio license (international flights)
O operating limitations(POH and placards)
W weight and balance

4

Aircraft airworthiness inspections and tests

A annual
V VOR checks every 30 days
I 100 hr
A airworthiness directives (one time and recurr)
T transponder 24 calendar months
E ELT every 12 months/1 hr cumm use/1/2 shelf life of battery) 91.205 directs to 91.207 says you don't need an ELT for scheduled air carrier flights, agricultural, ferry flights for repair or install, or flight training in local area within 50 miles as long as you don't land anywhere else.
S static system 24 months (pitot/alt) 91.411 further says you only need pitot static systems in IFR flight in controlled airspace.

5

Compass errors

V variation (true vs mag)
D deviation (aircraft interference)
M magnetic dip (pulls to earth)
O oscillation ( turb and vibrations)
N northerly turning errors (UNOS)
A acceleration errors (ANDS)

6

VOR equip checks for IFR

Very good airman always do bench checks

V vot checks +-4 on 108.0 (A/FD) 180 to(cessna 182) or 360 from
G round checkpoint at spec loc on airfield +-4
A airborne checkpoint (A/FD, typ over feature easy to ID) +-6
A airway +-6 of centerline
D dual VOR within 4 degrees of each other
B bench test done by cert maintainer

7

Preflight action

91.103

N notams
W WX
K known ATC delays
R rwy lengths
A alternates
F fuel required (+45 IFR /night VFR, 30 day VFR)
T take off and land distances req

8

IFR lost comm

A assigned
V vectored
E expected

F filed
A assigned
M mea
E expected or whichever is higher

9

Go around/missed approach

C cram
C climb
C clean
C configure
C call

10

Lost procedures

C climb
C call
C confess
C comply
C conserve

11

Used to describe FAA criteria for determining VMC speed for an airplane.

A good acronym is SMACFUM

S-standard day
M-max power on operating engine
A-aft CG or most adverse CG
C-critical engine not feathered
F-flaps and gear up (flaps provide drag and gear and gear doors act like a keen on a boat providing directional control
U-up to 5 degrees of bank and 1/2 ball
M-most unfavorable weight (light)

12

ABC's of Diverting

A alternate choose accordingly
B best guess heading, get headed that way
C coarse, figured out using ipad or pencil method (align pencil with position and destination then drag to closest compass rose and read mag coarse
D distance
E est time
F fuel req, do I have enough
G GPS? Use GPS direct and info page on airfield
H head down plan (WX, terrain, descent rate/distance

13

The saying for the taxiway you are on.

Black square, you're there.