Flashcards in Cirrus SR20 Systems (Gen 3 Perspective) Deck (7)
Composite monocoque(orig. single-shell) (structural skin vs. Internal structural) two halves
4 seat roll cage
Access panels to firewall/avionics bulkheads
Single composite wing with conventional wing spar connects to fuselage at 4 locations ( under seats) contains fuel tanks and main landing gear attachment points
Ailerons are aluminum
Horizontal stabilizer with 2 piece elevator
Vert stab is composite part of main structure
Rudder and elevator are aluminum
Control surfaces operate mechanically using torque tubes, cables and pulleys.
Trims operates on 28vdc and simply adjusts the neutral position on control yoke via electric motor
Flaps are electro mechanically activated (motor and torque tube) aluminum single slotted (28vdc, non essential bus)
50% 16 degrees
100% 32 degrees
6 cylinder Teledyne Continental
Electronic fuel injected IO-360
200 hp @ 2700 rpm
Horizontally opposed, direct drive
Hartzell 3 blade constant speed prop
Prop governed cable is connected to throttle control and has 3 settings: 2700 rpm takeoff and climb, 2500 cruise and normal ops, idle (less than 1000)
A prop governer uses a speeder spring (connected to cable on throttle control with a slotted guide for different flight areas listed above.
The prop governor reduces oil pressure during high power settings which allows the centrifugal force and spring to a high rpm setting (low pitch)
During throttle idle or low power positions, the governer via the flyweights open an oil duct that charges the hub (front of hub) which increases the pitch to a lower rpm
During engine failure, the prop is designed to fail at a high pitch giving you the least amount of drag. If it is windmilling however, moving the throttle to idle can force oil to the prop hum increasing pitch and decreasing drag.
100LL blue or 100 aviation grade (green)
58.5 gallons capacity
56 gallon usable (23 per side) tabs are at 13/ea side
Measured by electronic sensors or float probe(better) depending on year
Underwing fuel vents allow for positive pressure
Gravity fed to collector tanks/sump (better for maneuvering) where engine driven fuel pump draws fuel to the gasculator then metering system (determined by throttle position) to the flow divider and then to individual cylinders
A prime/boost electronic fuel pump uses prime for engine start momentarily then boost. This allows for proper pressure (4-5 psi). Boost also helps for fuel vapor suppression in hot fuel condition. Operates via 28vdc on main bus 2.
8 qt (min 6) system used to lubricate/cool engine as well as prop pitch control
Cirrus Airplane Parachute System (CAPS)
Pulling the T ( 45 lbs of force) straight down (think pull up) handle will activate an extraction rocket rocket that employs a multi stage employment bag containing a parachute that is connected to a 3 point harness embedded in the plane structure.
Max demonstrated deployment speed 133 KIAS and requires about 400-500 ft to be effective