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PTA 105 Growth and Development > Adolescence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Adolescence Deck (25)
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1

physical onset of adolescence is marked by the changes that occur during ____.

puberty

2

biological events leading to adult-sized body and sexual maturity

puberty

3

at puberty is more rapid than at any other time of life except infancy

rate of development

4

age on onset of puberty in

girls:

boys:

girls: about 10 years

boys: about 12 years

5

physical changes during puberty

height:
weight:

height: increase 10-12 inches

weight: increase 50-75 pounds

6

physical development is influenced by:

- hormones

- genetics

- nutrition

7

stimulates cell replication and cell growth

targets many cells in body - preferential to bone an muscle cells

growth hormone

8

hormone:
- stimulates sexual maturity
- primary sex characteristics: reproductive organ development
- secondary sex characteristics: internal signs of reproductive development

testosterone/estrogen

9

girls

1. peak growth spurt achieved around _#_ to _#_ years

2. peak muscular performance spurt reached around _#_ to _#_ years

3. ______ and _____ widens to ready for child-bearing

4. increased ____ deposition

1. 10 - 13.5 years

2. 11 - 14 years

3. pelvis and pelvic outlets

4. fat

10

boys

1. peak growth spurt achieved around _#_ years

2. peak muscular development spurt reached around _#_ years

3. increased growth in _____.

4. increase ______deposition

5. Adult stature reached around _#_ years

1. 14 years

2. 16 years

3. shoulders

4. muscle

5. 15.5 years

11

______ contributes significantly to the timing of biological changes that occur in puberty

heredity/genetics

12

nutrition:

increase in _______ stimulates puberty. I decrease in this will delay the start of puberty.

During peak growth spurt boys require 2700 cal/day and girls require 2200 cal/today

adipose tissue

13

No distinct, agreed upon end of puberty. Possible markers include (2):

- closure of epiphyseal plates

- maximum height/adult stature achieved

14

changes in motor skill performance correlate with physical growth:

fine motor skills are:

- negligible development in adolescence

- smooth, fluid arm and hand movements

15

gross motor skills during this time are:

- refined calibration of movements
- refined and matured bilateral coordination skills

16

per CDC reccommended exercise:

60 min or more of physical activity daily

17

formal operational stage: developed ability for abstract, systematic and scientific thinking

- don't need concrete items or objects
- can evaluate logical statements without referring to real-world circumstances
- cognitive skills allow for the transfer and adaptation of previously learned tasks to new environments
- improved temporal organization

18

ability to understand sequencing of time and plan an activity from start to finish (ie. doing laundry)

temporal organization

19

during adolescence:

- adult-like working memory, cognitive processing, and speed
- adult-like knowledge and understanding
- problem solving more readily and analytically

20

teenagers become quite concerned with what others think of them

perspective taking

21

5 stages of perspective taking:

- undifferentiated
- social-informational
- self-reflective
- third-person
- societal

22

altered decision making:

- decreased rational thinking during decisions
- emphasize short-term goals rather than long term goals

23

identity development:

- vision of self becomes more complex
- changes to self-esteem linked to peer relationships and athletic capacities
- need for autonomy = sense of oneself as a separate, self-governing individual

24

achieving and searching for an identity:

- phases/statuses include diffusion, foreclosure, moratorium, and achievement
- adolescent egocentrism
- imaginary audience
- personal fable

25

influences on adolescent development (4):

- peers
- parents
- media
- ability to understand others