Early Development Flashcards Preview

PTA 105 Growth and Development > Early Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Early Development Deck (19)
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1

transition from rapid neuromotor development to language, communication, social, and behavioral control

Early childhood, play years (ages 2-6)

2

Early stages of psychosocial develpment, Erikson's first 3 stages:

- basic trust vs. mistrust
- autonomy vs. shame and doubt
- initiative vs. guilt

3

an infant's growing cognitive and language skills allow them to act as true partners in the attachment relationship (beginning at 18 months)

growth of attachment

4

4 forms of attachment:

- secure
- avoidant
- resistant
- disorganized

5

By ______, infants experience all basic emotions: joy, anger, fear, interest, disgust, distress, sadness and surprise.

8-9 months

6

stranger wariness arrives at ____.

6 months

7

complex emotions such as ____, _____, and _____ emerge at 10-24 months

- pride
- guilt
- embarrassment

8

infants can recognize facial expression associated with emotions beginning at ____.

4 months

9

Types of play (6):

- parallel
- simple social
- cooperative
- make believe
- solitary
- gender differences

10

children play alone, but maintain interest on what the other is doing

parallel play

11

engage in similar activities and talk or smile at one another. Starts at roughly 15-18 months

simple social play

12

there is a theme to play, and children take on distinct roles. Begins at about 24 months

cooperative play

13

Begins in pre-school years. In early phases it involves realistic props. In later phases it becomes more abstract. Promotes cognitive growth and positive social characteristics through building imagination.

make believe play

14

Playing alone, experienced in many forms and most are normal. Unhealthy types of this pay include wandering aimlessly and hovering

solitary play

15

between ages 2-3 children begin to prefer to play with same sex peers, and preferences gets stronger throughout childhood. Girls are associated with enabling actions that support and sustain interaction. Boys are associated with constricting actions that are challenging, threatening, or contradicting others

gender differences

16

influences development of all body tissues except CNS

growth hormone

17

_____ from ____ gland is necessary for brain development and for GH to have full effect

Thyroid stimulating hormone from thyroid gland

18

influences on development (4)

- heredity
- hormones
- nutrition
- experiences

19

increased freedom of extremities to act independent from torso

refinement of motor skills