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Flashcards in ch 3 Deck (44)
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1

unlearned responses triggered by specific stimulation

reflexes

2

Newborn health assessment that measures 5 vital signs: breathing, heart rate, muscle tone, presence of reflexes, and skin tone.

Apgar score

3

Apgar score must be _#_ or higher to indicate that the baby is in good physical condition

7

4

comprehensive newborn assessment scale that provides a detailed report of newborn to 24 month-old's behavior.

Neonatal Behavioral Assessment (NBA)

5

The NBA includes 28 behavioral items along with 18 items that test reflexes. The baby's performance is used to evaluate the functioning of these 4 systems:

- autonomic
- motor
- state (ability to maintain state)
- social

6

The 4 newborn states:

- Alert inactivity
- Waking activity
- Crying
- Sleeping

7

the state which a baby is calm, with eyes open and attentive, and seems to be deliberately inspecting its environment

alert inactivity

8

the state in which a baby's eyes are open but seem unfocused while the arms or legs move in bursts of uncoordinated motion

waking activity

9

the state in which a baby cries vigorously, usually accompanied by agitated but uncoordinated movement

crying

10

the state in which a baby alternates from being still and breathing regularly to moving gently and breathing irregularly, with the eyes closed throughout

sleeping

11

a cry that starts softly, gradually becomes more intense, and is often heard when babies are hungry or tired.

basic cry

12

a more intense version of a basic cry

mad cry

13

Newborns sleep 16 to 18 hours a day and typically go through a cycle of wakefulness and sleep about every _#_ hours.

4 hours

14

roughly half of a newborns' sleep period is __________. _____ sleep drops to about 33% by the child's first birthday

irregular, or rapid eye movement sleep (REM)

15

a cry that begins with a sudden long burst, followed by a long pause and gasping

pain cry

16

sleep in which an infant's eyes dart rapidly beneath the eyelids while the body is quite active

irregular or rapid-eye-movement sleep (REM)

17

sleep in which heart rate, breathing, and brain activity are steady

regular (non-REM) sleep

18

SIDS occurs in infants ___ to ____ old. Most SIDS deaths are between _#_ and _#_ months of age due to waning reflexes.

- 1 to 12 months

- 2 and 4 months

19

a consistent style or pattern of behavior

temperament

20

Rothbart's theory on temperament includes 3 dimensions:

- surgency/extroversion (extent to which child is happy, active, vocal, seeks stimulation)

- negative affect (extent to which child is angry, fearful, frustrated, shy, and easily soothed)

- Effortful control (extent to which child focuses attention, is not readily distracted, and can inhibit responses)

21

infants ____ their birth weight by 3 months of age and triple it by their first birthday

double

22

At roughly 3 weeks after conception, a group of cells form a flat structure known as the _____.

neural plate

23

As the number of dendrites increases, so does the number of synapses, reaching a peak around the first birthday. Soon after, synapses disappear gradually, a phenomenon known as ________.

synaptic pruning

24

the process by which the wiring of the brain is organized by experiences that are common to most humans

experience-expectant growth

25

By _#_ months infants can sit alone, by _#_ months they can creep, and by _#_ months they can walk with assistance.

7 months, 10 months, 14 months

26

coordinated movements of the muscles and limbs

motor skills

27

the ability to move around in the world

locomotion

28

body movements associated with grasping, holding, and manipulating objects

fine motor skills

29

the theory that views motor development as involving many distinct skills that are organized and reorganized over time to meet specific needs

dynamic systems theory

30

distinguishing and mastering individual motions

differentiation