Adolescence-Larsen Flashcards Preview

Block 5; Week 4 > Adolescence-Larsen > Flashcards

Flashcards in Adolescence-Larsen Deck (60):
1

What qualifies as early adolescence?

12-14 yo

2

What qualifies as middle adolescence?

14-16 yo

3

What qualifies as late adolescence?

16-18 yo

4

What is peak height velocity?

the point of your fastest height growthThis occurs @ 12 yrs for females.This occurs @ 14 years for males.

5

What happens to female's body mass during puberty?

fat accumulation
2X males
menstruation

6

What happens to male's body mass during puberty?

muscle mass

7

What are the sexual characteristics of females after puberty?

hair
genitals
breasts
acne

8

What are the sexual characteristics of males after puberty?

hair
genitals
acne
voice change

9

Why do kids get gangly preceding puberty?

first harbinger of puberty is linear growth
muscle mass follows
for a while you look gangly

10

How long does puberty last?

4-5 years
**starts 2 years earlier for females

11

When does puberty usu start for females? Males?

Females: 9-11 years
**around 9--get breast budding & pubic hair
Males: 11-13 years
**around 11-enlargement of scrotum & testes

12

T/F It is best for both males & females psychologically to be the first to go thru puberty in class.

False. Better for males. Best for females to be somewhere in the middle.

13

What happens in the adolescent brain?

Second wave of proliferation and pruning
Peak F= 11 years
M = 12 ½ years
Pruning 15%
**white matter thickens

14

Which structures are developed in an adolescent brain? What is the significance of this?

Limbic System & Amygdala
**passionate, risk takers, explorative

15

What happens to cognitive growth in early adolescence?

Beginning of reasoning based on hypothesis or verbal propositions

16

What happens to cognitive growth in middle adolescence?

Ideological beliefs – family, religion, humanism, social, cultural; yet still egocentric (thinks mostly from their own perspective)

17

What happens to cognitive growth in later adolescence?

Improved ability to perceive outcomes of ideas, sense of time, concern for the future, hypothetical thinking, consider effects on others

18

What are the psychological tasks of adolescence?

1. satisfactory & realistic body image.
2. increased independence from parents & adequate capacities for self-care & regulation.
3. appropriate control & expression of increased sexual & aggressive drives.
4. identity consolidation (personal moral code & provisional plans for vocation & economic self-sufficiency)

19

What is the definition of body image in adolescence?

Body image is self-evaluative, and influenced by the “goodness of fit” between self-evaluation of one’s own body, one’s expectations for the physical self, and the perceived evaluations of others.

20

What is the trajectory of girls & boys' body images as they progress thru puberty?

Girls' body image worsens.Boy's body image gets better.

21

T/F Mothers are strong transmitters and reinforcers of social messages around body image and eating.

True.

22

What are some causes of poor body image?

Bigger discrepancy b/w weight of average woman & models.Unattainable muscular image for guys.TV characters either super skinny or "fat". Poor parent relationships-bad body image.

23

What is the influence of pro-anorexia & pro-bulima websites?

they make it normalized. Give these girls someone to talk about how few calories they eat.

24

When is there the most conflict b/w parents & adolescents?

early adolescence
tapers off by middle.

25

When is the first awareness of the feeling of sexual attraction?

age 10

26

When do most kids explicitly masturbate?

10% at age 780% at age 13

27

When do kids engage in "heterosexual play" & "same-sex play"?

heterosexual play: 65% at age 13
25-30% of 13 yo same sex play.

28

Which aspect of sex is the most important for girls? For boys?

Girls: relational aspect of sex
Boys: more about pleasure or exploitation

29

What are the 2 most common "groups" to end up in if you can't fit in anywhere else?

drug group
gang

30

What is Erikson's stage during adolescence?

identity formation v. Identity diffusion

31

What are the 4 identity statuses according to Marcia's taxonomy?

1. Identity-Confused: not yet experienced an identity crisis or made a role commitment.
2. Foreclosed: made unexamined commitments. just join a group.
3. Moratorium:actively struggling to define values & commitments.
4. Identity-Achieved: crisis resolved.

32

What is the moral development during early adolescence?

Defers to social, family, school structure/beliefs

33

What is the moral development during middle adolescence?

Re-examines known values usually by negating parents beliefs
Parents receptivity will aid the adolescent to assess reality, effectiveness and maintain self-esteem

34

What is the moral development during late adolescence?

More introspective, able to consider the opinions of parents and others.

35

What is the social development during early adolescence?

Same sex peer groups

36

What is the social development during middle adolescence?

Males “catch up” to girls and interact
Peer groups gain intensity (love, hate, acceptance, rejection)
Appearance (fashion, hair, skin)
Peer values > parent values
Impulsivity peaks

37

What is the social development during late adolescence?

Less narcissistic, thinks of other’s needs and opinions, relationships gain in meaning, witness increased ability to repress, sublimate, self-reflect etc.

38

What are the leading causes of death during adolescence?

MVA
Other causes
homicide
unintentional injury
suicide

39

What are the structures of the adolescent brain that are not as developed? What is the significance of this?

Hippocampus--impaired memory
Cerebellum--coordinates physical & mental activities
Prefrontal cortex--executive function, judgment
Nucleus Accumbens--delays reward seeking
Pineal Gland-regulates melatonin

40

Describe continuous growth in adolescence. What % of teenagers experience this?

balance reason & emotional expression
active fantasy life
able to suppress aggressive & sexual impulses
develops similar value systems to his parents
mutual affection, trust with parents
family stable
**23% of teenagers

41

Describe surgent growth in adolescence. What % of teenagers experience this?

cycles of progression & regression
likely to react to challenges with anger
less action oriented
more prone to temporary depression & anxiety
family w/ problems
they overall adapt successfully but they are less introspective, suppressed emotions, inhibited.
35% of teenagers

42

Describe tumultuous growth in adolescence. What % of teenagers experience this?

internal turmoil
omnipotent or helpless fantasies
difficulties with parents, at home & at school
dependent on peer group for emotional support
Parents: lower SES, marital discord, parental psychopathology, disharmony in family environment
less happy
21% of teenagers

43

What are the 5 leading causes of death in kids 10-14 yo?

Unintentional Injury
Malignant neoplasms
suicide
homicide
congenital anomalies

44

What are the 5 leading causes of death in kids 15-19 yo?

Unintentional Injury
Homicide
Suicide
Malignant Neoplasms
Heart Disease

45

What are the 5 leading causes of death in kids 20-24 yo?

Unintentional injury
Suicide
Homicide
Malignant Neoplasms
Heart Disease

46

Teenagers who have ever smoked a cigarette? Higher in males or females? Which races highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 44.7%
Males>Females
Highest in White & Hispanic

47

Teenagers who currently use tobacco. Higher in males or females? Which race highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 23.4%
Males>Females
Highest in White & Hispanic

48

% of teenagers who ever drank alcohol. Higher in males or females? Which race highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 70.8%
Males=Females
Highest in White & Hispanic

49

Binge drinking. Higher in males or females? Which race highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 21.9%
Males>Females
Highest in White & hispanic

50

Teenagers who ever used marijuana. Higher in males or females? Which race highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 39.9%
Males>Females
African American Highest

51

% of teenagers who had ever ridden in a car with someone who had been drinking. Higher in males or females? Which race highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 24.4%
Females>Males
Hispanic the highest

52

% of teenagers who had ever had sexual intercourse. Higher in males or females? Which race highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 47.7%
Males>Females
African Americans the highest

53

% of teenagers who used condom in last bout of sexual intercourse. Higher in males or females? Which race highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 60%
Males>Females
African Americans the most

54

% of teenagers who had ever experienced dating violence. Higher in males or females? Which race highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 9.4%
Male=Female
African American the most

55

% of teenagers who had ever been physically forced to have sexual intercourse. Higher in males or females? Which race highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 8%
Females>Males
African American the highest

56

% teenagers who felt sad & hopeless. Higher in males or females? Which race highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 28.5%
Females>Males
Hispanic the highest

57

% teenagers who seriously contemplated suicide. Higher in males or females? Which race highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 15.8%
Female>Male
Hispanic the highest

58

% teenagers who attempted suicide. Higher in males or females? Which race highest? What is the overall rate?

Overall Rate: 7.8%
Female>Male
Hispanic the highest

59

When do you NOT need a parent's consent to treat a patient?

if they have been living apart from the parent for greater than 4 mo
if they are married
if it is a mother who has given birth
if the adolescent would be in imminent danger if not treated immediately

60

Do you need parental consent to treat an STD? To give out birth control?

Treat STD: no
Give out Birth Control: Yes.