Adolescent Nutrition Ch 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Adolescent Nutrition Ch 15 Deck (21)
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1

What factors contribute to overweight and obesity among adolescents?

1. Interactions between environmental and genetic factors
2. having 1 or > overt parent
3. from a low-income fam
-Black, hispanic, American indian/Native Alaskan decent
4. having a condition that limits mobility
5. inadequate PA
6. Diet ↑ in cals, sugars, & fat

2

What factors contribute to overweight and obesity among adolescents?

1. Interactions between environmental and genetic factors
2. having 1 or > overt parent
3. from a low-income fam
-Black, hispanic, American indian/Native Alaskan decent
4. having a condition that limits mobility
5. inadequate PA
6. Diet ↑ in cals, sugars, & fat

3

How do you assess weight status in adolescents?

BMI for age & gender is used to assess wt status
-amnt of body fat changes w/ age
-amnt of body fat differs from girls & boys

Underwt:

4

What are the nutrition concerns for adolescent athletes?

fluid & hydration, carbohydrate loading, and high-protein diets

5

Nutrition concerns for adole athletes: fluids & hydration

reasons why soles are @ risk for dehydration:
-young adores do NOT reg body temps well
-ignore physic signs of fluid loss
-may be unaware of need for fluids
All athletes should be counseled on fluid needs
---
-6-8oz before exercise
-4-6oz every 15-20mins during
-8or> after
-no > than 16oz in 30mins to avoid nausea
-LB lost -> 16oz fl oz*

6

Nutrition concerns for adole athletes: fluids & hydration

reasons why soles are @ risk for dehydration:
-young adores do NOT reg body temps well
-ignore physic signs of fluid loss
-may be unaware of need for fluids
All athletes should be counseled on fluid needs
---
-6-8oz before exercise
-4-6oz every 15-20mins during
-8or> after
-no > than 16oz in 30mins to avoid nausea
-LB lost -> 16oz fl oz*

7

Describe the risk factors and effects of iron-deficiency anemia. What are the side effects of iron supplementation?

d

8

Nutrition concerns for adole athletes: carb loading

-used w. endurance athletes (distance runners)
-consists of high-carb diet to ↑ glycogen stores combined w/ resting prior to athletic event

9

Nutrition concerns for adole athletes: high-protein diet

May consist of 3-4x the DRI
Should be discouraged bc:
-protein foods typically ↑ in tot & sat fats
-protein & fat may delay digestion&absoprtion, limiting to total energy available for activity
->water req for protein breakdown, which ↑ dehydration risk

10

Describe the risk factors and effects of iron-deficiency anemia.

1. rapid growth
2. ↓intake iron or vitaC-rich foods
3. vegan diets
4. caloric restriction, meal skipping
5. participation in strenuous/endurance sports
6. heavy mental bleeding

11

Nutrition concerns for adole athletes: carb loading

-used w. endurance athletes (distance runners)
-consists of high-carb diet to ↑ glycogen stores combined w/ resting prior to athletic event

12

Nutrition concerns for adole athletes: high-protein diet

May consist of 3-4x the DRI
Should be discouraged bc:
-protein foods typically ↑ in tot & sat fats
-protein & fat may delay digestion&absoprtion, limiting to total energy available for activity
->water req for protein breakdown, which ↑ dehydration risk

13

What are the side effects of iron supplementation?

1. delayed/impaired growth & dev
2. fatigure
3. ↑ susceptibility to infection
4. depressed immune system
5. impaired physical performance & endurance
6. ↑ susceptibility to lead poisoning

14

What are the side effects of iron supplementation?

1. delayed/impaired growth & dev
2. fatigure
3. ↑ susceptibility to infection
4. depressed immune system
5. impaired physical performance & endurance
6. ↑ susceptibility to lead poisoning

15

Discuss the continuum of weight-related concerns and disorders.

body dissatisfaction ->
dieting behaviors ->
disordered eating ->
clinically significant eating disorders

16

Discuss the continuum of weight-related concerns and disorders.

body dissatisfaction ->
dieting behaviors ->
disordered eating ->
clinically significant eating disorders

17

Describe anorexia nervosa,

Characterized by:
-extreme wt loss
-poor body image
-irrational fears of wt gain & obesity
(0.2-1% of adole F)

18

Describe bulimia nervosa,

Characterized by:
recurrent episodes of rapid uncontrolled eating of large amounts of food in a short period of time frequently followed by purging (self-induced vomiting, laxative, diuretics) or compensatory heavers (obsessive exercising, fasting)
(1-3% of adole F)

19

Describe binge eating.

Characterized by:
-periodic binge eating not followed by omitting/use of laxatives
-diagnosis: eating bones 2x/wk for over 6 months
(10-20% of adole)

20

What are disordered eating behaviors; what do they entail?

Anorexic or bulimic behaviors--w/

21

What are the main goals of eating-disorder treatment programs? (3)

1. restore body wt
2. improve social & emotional well-being
3. normalize eating behaviors