Adverbs, Adverbials and Adjunctions Flashcards Preview

English - General Terminology > Adverbs, Adverbials and Adjunctions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Adverbs, Adverbials and Adjunctions Deck (16):
1

What are Adverbs

An optional element of a clause.
Add extra information (modify) to other words, in particular verbs.

2

What are the uses of adverbs

To add extra information to a clause about either:
time
manner
place
degree

3

What are the three types of adverb

Conjuncts
Disjuncts
Adjuncts

4

What are conjuncts

Adverbs which link a sentence to what has gone on before.
e.g. also, firstly, otherwise, moreover, however, then, besides

5

What are disjuncts

(sometimes known as sentence adverbials)
Comment on the rest of the sentence, in particular the desirability, probability or style.
e.g. admittedly, fortunately, possibly

6

What are adjuncts

Modify a verb and refer to space, time or process

7

Space adjuncts

e.g. above, there, inside, backwards

8

Time adjuncts

Answer questions of when or for how long.
e.g. yesterday, never, later, often

9

Process adjuncts

Answers questions of how something was done.
e.g. viciously, bravely, carelessly

10

What are Adverbials

A term used to describe the three types of phrases that can modify a verb or verb phrase

11

Types of adverbial

adverb phrase
noun phrase
preposition phrase

12

"she left rather unexpectedly"

adverb phrase
(unexpectedly)

13

"they left yesterday afternoon"

noun phrase
(afternoon)

14

"they were singing in the rain"

preposition phrase
(in)

15

Functions of adverbial clauses

add meaning to:
time
space
reason
purpose
result
manner
comparison
concession
condition

16

Conditional clauses are always...

adverbials