Verbs (A2) Flashcards Preview

English - General Terminology > Verbs (A2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Verbs (A2) Deck (29):
0

What are verbs? What do they do?

Essentially 'doing' words
Describe actions and states

1

6 main types of verb

Stative
Dynamic
Transitive
Intransitive
Auxiliary
Lexical

2

What are features of stative verbs?

Describe states of being or processes
No obvious actions
Not normally used as commands
Don't usually occur after the verb "to be" + 'ing' ending

3

Examples of stative verbs

To know
To believe
To remember
To realise
To suppose
To appear

4

What are dynamic verbs?

Express lots of different kinds of actions
(Can be used as commands)

5

Types of actions that dynamic verbs refer to and examples: (3)

Physical (jump)
Mental (think)
Perceptual (see)

6

What is the difference between transitive and intransitive verbs?

Transitive: have to be followed by object receiving the action
Intransitive: don't need to be followed by the object to make sense

7

Example of a transitive verb in context:

I carried the baby
^

8

Example of an intransitive verb:

The child cried
^

9

What do intransitive verbs describe?

Either:
Position (to sit, to lie)
Or Motion (to run, to go)

11

Sometimes a verb can be transitive and intransitive depending on the context. Give an example

I am eating (I)
I am eating cake (t)

12

How can you tell if a word is a verb?

Add an 'ing' ending to see if it still makes sense
By placing the word after 'I' or 'we'

13

What 5 different forms (including base) do regular and irregular verbs come in?

base
infinitive (to+base)
3 p s present
Past tense and past participle
Present participle

14

Which two forms are the same in regular verbs, but different in irregular?

Past tense and Past participle

15

What is the regular rule of the infinitive

to + verb

16

What is the regular rule of 3 p s present

's' ending

17

What is the regular rule of the past tense and past participle

'ed' ending

18

What is the regular rule for the present particple

'ing' ending

19

What are features of irregular verbs?

Have 5 separate forms (not including base)
Don't conform to regular rules of verbs

20

What is the general rule of irregular verbs and the past participle?

Formed like:
have + verb + irregular ending

21

What are lexical verbs for?

Used to express meaning in verb phrases
e.g. the boy RAN to school

22

What are auxiliary verbs?

Additional verbs used to 'aid' the main verb in the sentence or clause
(Also known as helper verbs)

23

Give an example of an auxiliary verb

I have finished my dinner
"Have" is the auxiliary verb
"Finished" is the main verb

24

What are auxiliary verbs used for?

To differentiate between:
time (tense)
questions
negatives
add emphasis
give information

25

What are the primary verbs?

to be
to have
to do

26

What are primary verbs sometimes used as?

Auxiliary verbs

27

What are modal verbs?

Another type of auxiliary verb

28

What are modal verbs used for?

To indicate modality:
likelihood, ability, permission and obligation

29

9 examples of modal verbs

can
could
may
might
must
shall
should
will
would