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English - General Terminology > Verbs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Verbs Deck (39):
1

Points to remember about verbs

-they do the most "work"
-they change the most
-they report inner processes (thoughts, dreams, feelings)
-report events in the world (actions)

2

What different endings can they take

Many different endings depending on what tense they are in.
-ed (past)
-ing (progressive)

3

Types of verb processes

dynamic
stative
modals
auxiliaries

4

What are dynamic verbs

doing words
run, kick, jump

5

What are stative verbs

feel, suspect, think, suppose

6

What are modal verbs

language of probabilities:
may, must, could, should
And also obligations/permissions

7

What are auxiliary verbs

verbs which determine the tense and aspect.

8

Different concepts of verbs

tense
person
number
mood
aspect
voice
infinitives/non-finite
phrasal verbs

9

Tense

Three different tenses: past, present and future
(although there is no real future tense in English.)

10

Tense: I ran

past

11

Tense: I am running

present

12

Tense: I will run

future

13

Aspect

Three different aspects: simple, perfective, progressive
The continuation or completion of actions.

14

Aspect: she runs

simple

15

Aspect: she is running

progressive

16

Aspect: she has run

perfective

17

Person

First, second or third person
either singular or plural

18

1st person

I

19

2nd person

You

20

3rd person

He/She/It

21

1st person plural

We

22

2nd person plural

You

23

3rd person plural

They

24

Mood

Declarative - statement
Imperative - command
Interrogative - question
(Exclamative) - exclamation

25

The two types of voice

active and passive

26

Active voice

focus is on the subject of the sentence

27

Voice: police shot rioters

active voice

28

Passive voice

focus is on the object of the sentence
- the subject can also be omitted in these cases

29

Voice: rioters shot

passive voice

30

Non-finite verbs

have no tense, person or number
(to go, to run)

31

"Phil helped to cook the dinner"

non-finite clause

32

What is the bare infinitive

when the "to" has been omitted from the sentence
"Phil helped cook the dinner"

33

What are transitive verbs

verbs which have an object to receive the action

34

"I rode the bicycle"

transitive verb

35

What are intransitive verbs

verbs which do not have an object to receive the action

36

"I laughed"

intransitive verb

37

When combining a verb with an auxiliary verb you make...

a verb phrase

38

What are phrasal verbs

Verbs with one or two prepositions attached

39

"run up"

phrasal verb