Spoken Mode - General Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Spoken Mode - General Deck (16):
1

Conversation functions

Interactional
Transcational

2

What is Transactional Language

Language where the emphasis is on getting something done.

3

Example of Transactional Language

Asking someone for directions

4

What is Interactional Language

Language where the emphasis is on the relationship between the participants.

5

Example of Interactional Language

Two friends meeting by chance and having a long conversation together.

6

Genres of Spoken Mode

Spontaneous conversation
Political Speeches
Presentation on something
Play?

7

What do you initially need to define in the text relating to spoken mode?

Type of Conversation
Genre of Conversation
Purpose of Conversation - overall and for each participant

8

The two frameworks that are crucial to conversation

Discourse
Pragmatics

9

Spoken Mode Lexical Features

more informal
high frequency lexis
monosyllabic, germanic lexis
possible use of jargon/slang lexis
HOWEVER THERE CAN BE EXCEPTIONS

10

Spoken Mode Semantic Features

less figurative
dead metaphors/clichés (at the end of the day)

11

Rhetorics

Not many rhetorical devices
but rhetorical questions are quite common
use of hyperboles

12

Grammar in Spoken Mode

Doesn't observe clear sentence bounaries
use of co-ordination rather than sub-ordination
informal or non-standard grammar
grammatical ellipsis

13

What is co-ordination

Links clauses together using "and", "but" or "or"
(opposite to sub-ordination)

14

What is sub-ordination

Links a subordinating clause to the main clause with the use of words such as "because", "although", "unless", "until" ... etc.

15

Why is non-standard English or informal grammar more common?

Could be due to regional dialect
Speech is usually spontaneous and a person may have not properly thought about what they are about to say

16

What is grammatical ellipsis

Leaving out a clause element such as the subject of the sentence.
eg. "went fishing on Thursday" - omits the subject, "I"