Flashcards in Spoken Mode - General Deck (16):
What is Transactional Language
Language where the emphasis is on getting something done.
Example of Transactional Language
Asking someone for directions
What is Interactional Language
Language where the emphasis is on the relationship between the participants.
Example of Interactional Language
Two friends meeting by chance and having a long conversation together.
Genres of Spoken Mode
Presentation on something
What do you initially need to define in the text relating to spoken mode?
Type of Conversation
Genre of Conversation
Purpose of Conversation - overall and for each participant
The two frameworks that are crucial to conversation
Spoken Mode Lexical Features
high frequency lexis
monosyllabic, germanic lexis
possible use of jargon/slang lexis
HOWEVER THERE CAN BE EXCEPTIONS
Spoken Mode Semantic Features
dead metaphors/clichés (at the end of the day)
Not many rhetorical devices
but rhetorical questions are quite common
use of hyperboles
Grammar in Spoken Mode
Doesn't observe clear sentence bounaries
use of co-ordination rather than sub-ordination
informal or non-standard grammar
What is co-ordination
Links clauses together using "and", "but" or "or"
(opposite to sub-ordination)
What is sub-ordination
Links a subordinating clause to the main clause with the use of words such as "because", "although", "unless", "until" ... etc.
Why is non-standard English or informal grammar more common?
Could be due to regional dialect
Speech is usually spontaneous and a person may have not properly thought about what they are about to say