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English - General Terminology > Phrases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Phrases Deck (11):
1

What types of phrases are there

noun
verb
preposition
adjective
adverb

2

What are noun phrases

Phrases based on a noun and function as a subject, object or complement of a clause.

3

When can you add information to a noun

both before and after the noun in the sentence
(pre- and post-modification)

4

Post modification

information added after the "headword".
usually introduced by:
who, which, that or prepositions

5

Post modifying clauses are likely to contain a...

verb phrase

6

What are verb phrases

Phrases which add meaning about the tense, aspect and modality.

7

Progressive aspect

always use a verb with the ending "ing" and have an auxiliary verb

8

Simple aspect

do not have an auxiliary verb

9

Prepositional phrases

phrases that start with a preposition
e.g. in, at, up, through, within, to, from

10

The two functions of prepositional phrases

1.as an adverbial in a clause
(she was standing ON top of a hill)
2.As part of a noun phrase
(the book ON top of that pile)

11

Adjective and adverb phrases

a small group of words used to intensify or modify adverbials