ADVERBS and CONJUNCTIONS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ADVERBS and CONJUNCTIONS Deck (17)
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1

What is the function of Adverbs?

They modify verbs, other adverbs, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions, phrases and clauses. (They do not modify nouns and pronouns; adjectives do this)

2

What is a big problem with Adverbs?

They can be overused and 'suck' the meaning out of a message.

3

How do Adverbs function? (6)

They answer questions like: when, where, how, how much, how often, to what degree.

4

How are Adverbs often formed and what other forms can they take? Give examples.

Often formed by adding -ly to certain adjective (e.g. I studied feverishLY).
Also take the form of: here, now, often, such, well, almost, etc
e.g. The birds flew RIGHT over the lake.
I arrived JUST after it started.

5

How are Adverbs 'marked'? Give examples.

They can be marked to indicate a degree.
e.g. Soon, sooner, soonest. Badly worse, worst.

6

What sort of Adverbs can not be 'marked'?

Adverbs such as more or less, universally, now and then, first, finally, rarely, etc.

7

What are Intensifiers?

These are Adverbs which emotionally enhance the words they modify, e.g. quite, rather, extremely, etc.

8

What is the importance of placement of an Adverb in a sentence? Give an example.

The position of the Adverb can alter the meaning of a sentence.
e.g. I have eyes ONLY for you vs I ONLY I have eyes for you.
e.g. We NEARLY lost all our equipment vs We lost NEARLY all our equipment.

9

What is the Royal Order of Adverbs? (5) Give example sentence.

This is the sequence in which they appear in a sentence.
1. Manner (slightly, quietly)
2. Place (here, there, sideways)
3. Frequency (often, occasionally)
4. Time (yesterday, again, soon)
5. Purpose (to stay healthy)
e.g. I meditate BLISSFULLY (1) in my garden every AFTERNOON (3)at 4PM(4) TO FIND INNER PEACE (5).

10

What is the function of a Conjunction?

Conjunctions join together parts of a sentence.

11

What are the three types of Conjunction?

1. Coordinating
2. Subordinating
3. Correlative

12

How are Coordinating Conjunctions used? Name them (7) and give an example sentence.

They join together two independent clauses.
For, And, Nor, But, Or Yet, So. (FANBOYS)
e.g. Alfred is very bright, BUT he doesn't concentrate.

13

How are Subordinating Conjunctions used? Give examples and a sentence.

They introduce a dependent (subordinating clause) and establish its relationship with the main cause.
e.g. after, although, than, where, since, etc, .
e.g. He waited outside UNTIL the show was over.

14

How are Correlative Conjunctions used? Give examples (7) and sentence.

These appear in pairs and join grammatically equal parts of sentences together.
e.g. as........as ( this is AS good AS it gets)
both.....and
but....also
either....or
neither.....nor (neither a borrower nor a lender be)
not only.......but also
whether.......or

15

What is an Interjection? Give examples.

An Interjection is a word that shows emotion.
e.g. Phew!, Oh, Yippee!, etc

16

Where does an Interjection normally appear in a sentence and how is it punctuated?

It normally appears at the beginning and may be punctuated with an exclamation mark, or question mark.

17

What is the difference between an Interjection and other parts of speech?

They are not grammatically related, or interact with, any other parts of the sentence.