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Flashcards in NOUNS and PRONOUNS Deck (35)
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What is a Noun?

A Noun is a word that names something: a person, place, thing, quality, act or idea.


How are the regular plurals formed from the singular Noun?

Add '-s' if it ends in a vowel.
Add '-es' if it ends in a a consonant (except 'y').
If vowel before 'y' add '-s'.
If consonant before 'y' replace 'y' with 'i' and add 'es'.


Give 2 examples of irregular plurals and 3 examples of Nouns that don't have a plural.

Child = children. Mouse = mice
furniture, training, milk


How do Latin based Nouns change their plural endings? Give 2 examples.

Root stays the same but ending differs.
e.g. criterion = criteria, phenomenon = phenomena


Give an example of a Nouns that have both Latin and English plurals.

index = indices/indexes, forum = formums/fora


Give an example of a Noun that is plural in form but singular in meaning.

Statistics ARE confusing
Statistics IS difficult to master


Give an example of how measurement and figure Nouns are pluralised.

40% IS considered a good turnout
40% of voters ARE expected to turnout


List the 8 types of Nouns.

1. Countable
2. Non Countable
3. Countable and Non Countable
4. Collective
5. Concrete
6. Abstract
7. Common
8. Proper


What is a Count Noun? Give an example.

A Count Noun is one that can be made plural by putting a number in front of it and adding an 's'.
e.g. Peter took a cookie, Peter took 5 cookies.


What is a Non Countable Noun? Give 2 examples

A Non Countable Noun is one that can not be made plural by adding an 's'.
e.g. furniture, underwear


Give an example of both Countable and Non Countable Nouns.

No 'room' at the table
No 'rooms' at the inn


What is a Collective Noun? Give 2 examples of how they are pluralised.

A Collective Noun refers to a gathering of things, such as people, animals, plants, etc.
They can be singular or plural depending on meaning.
e.g. The 'group' WERE divided on that issue
The 'group' WAS unanimous on that issue
The 'number' of students IS increasing
A 'number' of students ARE late


What is a Concrete Noun? Give 2 examples.

Concrete Nouns are tangible items that can be seen, touched, smelt or tasted.
e.g. books, chairs


What is an Abstract Noun? Give 3examples.

Abstract Nouns can not be detected by the senses because they name ideas, concepts, generalities, notions, trends.
e.g. pleasure, wisdom, beauty


What is a Common Noun? Give 2 examples.

A Common Noun is a non-specific item.
e.g. house, book


What is a Proper Noun? Give 2 examples.

A Proper Noun names a specific person, location, building, event, etc. and starts with a capital letter.
e.g. Captain Pugwash is a captain


What is a Noun Case?

The Case of a Noun tells the reader how the Noun, or Pronoun functions in a sentence as either subject, object, complement or appositive.


Give an example of Complement and Appositive Noun Cases.

Complement , e.g. He felt a SENSE of foreboding (the Noun arrives after the linking verb)
Appositive, e.g. Holmes, the DETECTIVE, tapped his pipe. ( the Noun renames another noun nearby)


Describe three Noun problems with examples.

Noun string = too many Nouns bunched together make the sentence hard to read.
Nominalisation = a Noun derived from a verb or adjective (made by adding -tion to the noun)
Adding other endings = -ive, -ment, -ure, -age, -ive, -al, -ance, -ence, etc


What is a Pronoun?

A Pronoun stands in place of a noun, noun phrase or a name. It does the work of a noun.


Give the list of Pronouns as subject case.

S = I, you, he/she/it,
P = we, you, they


Give the list of Pronouns as object case.

S = me, you, him/her/it
P = us, you, them


Give the list of Pronouns as possessive case,

S = my/mine, your/yours, his/her/hers/its
P = our/ours, your/yours, their/theirs


List the 8 types of Pronouns.

1. Demonstrative
2. Interrogative
3. Relative
4. Indefinite
5. Reflexive
6. Intensive/Emphatic
7. Distributive
8. Expletive


What does a Demonstrative Pronoun do? Give examples.

Demonstrative Pronouns 'point to' things,
e.g. this, that, these, those, such, etc
They can be in subject, object or complement case.


What does an Interrogative Pronoun do? Give examples.

Interrogative Pronouns are question words
e.g. who, whom = used for people
which, what, whose, where = for things


What does a Relative Pronoun do? Give examples.

A Relative Pronoun relates to an antecedent (what came before) and joins the antecedent to a modifying clause.
e.g. who, whoever, whom, whomever. Used for people and animals (that have names)
e.g. whose. for the possessive of people animals and things
e.g. which, that. Used for animals and inanimate objects
e.g. what. An Indefinite Relative Pronoun stands in for undefined/unidentified antecedent (e.g. I don't know WHAT they want)


What does an Indefinite Pronoun do? Give examples.

It refers to no one in particular.
e.g. whoever, anybody, nothing, none, neither, all, any, etc


What is a Reflexive Pronoun? Give examples.

It is used when the subject of the verb is the object swell.
e.g. myself, yourself, themselves, etc


What is an Intensive/Emphatic Pronoun? Give examples.

It is the same as a reflexive pronoun, but used to emphasise.
e.g. I, MYSELF, saw............,
She, HERSELF, saw......