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Flashcards in Aging theories Deck (27):
1

What are criticisms of the disengagement theory

doesn't examine mandator retirement and how it affects others
doesn't consider opportunities for activity
doesn't consider individual preferences/personal factors (i.e. physical health and abilities)
doens't consider different outlooks on activities and meaning

2

What have studies shown about satisfaction in activities

stays the same but times spent doing them changes

3

What is the disengagement theory approach

all or none

4

What is the activity theory

Elderly strive to maintain activities
high level of activity = well being

5

What are criticisms of the activity theory

reflection of cultural bias (our culture values being busy) than aging
not concerned w/ outcomes, role, meaning, context just the activity and keeping busy
not concerned w/ personal preference

6

What is the continuity theory

elderly attempt to continue activities that are important
activities are perceived as continuous
activities are adapted to compensate for change
incorporates roles, lifestyle changes, and meaning

7

criticisms of the continuity theory

activities w/ new roles (parenting to grandparent, work to retired)
doesn't discuss change in the process of huan development

8

What are life span theories

Look at growing old as normal

9

How did newgarten view age

old age is developmental representing a new stage

10

How did levinson view age

tasks specific to the stage can be identified

11

how did erikson view age

successful aging results from accomplishing tasks

12

What are criticisms of aging theories

Tasks aren't well defined in later life (theories were created b/f people started living longer)

13

What are neugartens 4 life stages

1. acceptance of imminent death
2. coping w/ increasing infirmity (illness)
3. dealing w/ care decisions
4. maintaining social ties

14

What did erikson believe

in each stage there are conflicts that need to be resolved such as generativity vs. stagnation or ego integrity vs. despair

15

What is levinsons view

transition. decreasing concern w/ formal structure and authority, status and rewards
dev. broader perspective

16

What are the biological theories of aging

Stochastic
Developmental genetic
cellular aging
evolutionary
neuropsychological

17

What is the stochastic view of aging

aging changes as a result from an accumulation of random events or damage from environmental influences

18

What is the developmental genetic view of aging

changes are due to genetic programming

19

what is the cellular view of aging

cellular level changes affect organismal changes.
cells divide for growth and tissue repair but can only divide so many times before they lose power

20

What happens after cells lose power when they divide

immune system decreases and increased chance for disease

21

What is the evolutionary theory of aging

genetic errors/accidents over time lead to other problems later in life

22

What is the neurpsychological view on aging

cog change is an inevitable part of aging and is the result of damage and degeneration

23

What kind of model does bonder suggest

integrated: combine all theories to dev. meaning for all individuals

24

Wha to consider for OT for aging theories

factors that lead to activity choice (social, cultural, motivation, coping)
internal processes that lead to activity choice
selection of roles and activities (roles and meaning to them)

25

What is associated with postivie outcomes in later life

spirituality and religion

26

What is important for the elderly to do

reminisce.
it connects the past, present and future and leave behind a legacy

27

What is the disengagement theory

Gradual activity withdrawal (active participation and psychological engagement)
Disengage from people and events
Age means decline, loss, and withdrawal w/ no gains in any areas