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Flashcards in Diabetes Deck (50):
1

What is chronic hyperglycemia associated with

Long-term damage dysfunction failure of the eyes kidneys nerves heart and blood vessels

2

Insulin secretion

Body doesn't produce enough insulin

3

Insulin action

Cells can't respond to insulin produced

4

Glucose

Amount of sugar in blood

5

What is a normal blood glucose level

70-150 mg/dL

6

What is hyperglycemia

Above 200 mg/dL

7

What is hypoglycemia

70 mg/dL

8

What is type one diabetes

Insulin-dependent diabetes
more severe form
genetically influenced

9

What is onset of type one diabetes

Abrupt onset
typically in childhood

10

What happens in type one diabetes

Have an absolute deficit of insulin which requires replacement body breaks down fat for energy which produces key tones diabetes ketoacidosis

11

Treatment for type one diabetes

Injection or pump

12

Type two diabetes

Non-insulin-dependent

13

What is type two diabetes

Have a relative or partial deficit of insulin where the supply of insulin is insufficient to meet the body needs

14

What is type two controlled by

Adjusting need for insulin through diet or stimulating beta cells to produce more insulin

15

Onset of type two

Gradual usually after age 30
more than 90% of the cases
80% obese
African Americans natives and Hispanics

16

Risk factors for type two

Family history
obesity
race
over 40 years old
hypertension
hyperlipidemia
prediabetes
Gestational diabetes

17

Signs of symptoms

Polyuria
polydipsia
polyphagia
fatigue
weight loss
Blurred vision
persisted hyperglycemia

18

Three most common symptoms

Polyuria polydipsia polyphagia

19

What's polyuria

Excessive urination

20

What's polydipsia

Excessive thirst

21

What's polyphagia

Excessive hunger

22

Diabetes prevention

Control blood glucose

23

What is the diabetes treatment strategy

Prevention detection intervention

24

Intervention for diabetes

Slow progression diet exercise and medication

25

What is diabetic eye disease

Effects retina,diabetic retinopathy
leading cause of blindness in adults

26

What is diabetic kidney disease

Nephropathy-kidneys filter too much blood leak protein and pass into urine
leading cause of renal failure

27

How to prevent diabetic kidney disease

Control blood glucose control blood pressure micro albumin annually

28

Diabetic vascular disease

Blockage in arteries throughout body due to diabetes

29

Complications from diabetic vascular disease

Stroke
mi
lower limb ischemia
diabetic retinopathy
Nephropothy
peripheral vascular disease

30

Risk factors for diabetic vascular disease

High blood pressure high cholesterol

31

Diabetic neuropathy

High blood sugar can injured nerve fibers throughout your body most often damages nerves in your legs and feet

32

Symptoms and diabetic neuropathy

Pain numbness problems that they just attract urinary tract blood vessels of the heart

33

What is the leading cause of non traumatic amputations

Diabetic neuropathy

34

To prevent amputations

Control blood glucose
foot care education
exam each visit
foot care services

35

What is hyperglycemia

Low blood glucose

36

What is hyperglycemia cause bye

Delayed eating
increase energy expenditure
excessive effects of medication

37

Early symptoms of hypoglycemia

Tremor sweating anxiety palpitations tachycardia hunger

38

Late Symptoms of hypoglycemia

Irritability confusion fatigue seizures, coma

39

Treatment for hypoglycemia

Oral glucose
Iv glucose
intermuscular glucos

40

Early symptoms of hyperglycemia

Frequent urination increased thirst blurred vision fatigue headache

41

Late symptoms of hyperglycemia

Fruity smelling breath nausea vomitting shortness of breath dry mouth weakness confusion, coma abdominal pain

42

What to do with an unresponsive diabetic

Give glucose

43

What will giving insulin to a hypoglycemic individual cause

Seizures or worsening brain damage

44

What to do with an unresponsive victim

Give glucose

45

What is diabetic ketoacidosis

Glucose is not available for for fuel source so body breaks down fat which produces toxic gases known as key tones in the blood or urine because there's no or not enough insulin

46

What diabetic ketoacidosis characterized by biomechanically

Hyperglycemia
Acidemia-low blood pH
Detonemia severe hunger pangs

47

What is diabetic ketoacidosis characterized clinically bye

Dehydration
altered mental status

48

Clinical manifestations of diabetic ketoacidosis

Severe thirst
frequent urination
weakness
Abdominal pain and vomiting
rate and deaths of respiration increase:kussmal respiration
acetone breath
altered awareness

49

Treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis

Fluid electrolyte replacement insulin

50

What is diabetes mellitus

A group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion insulin action of both