Cardic concepts Flashcards Preview

562 > Cardic concepts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardic concepts Deck (27):
1

What is BMI

Measure of an adults weight in relation to their height calculated by weight in kg divided by the square of their height in meters

2

What is the number one killer in the US

Cardiovascular disease

3

Risk factors for CVD

Age
Family history
Smoking
Hypertension
Hyper cholestermia
impaired fasting glucose
obesity
sedentary lifestyle

4

S&S of heart disease

Chest pain
throat/jaw discomfort
dismofort b/t shoulder blades
radiating pain in L arm
excessive sweating
cyanosis
SOB
dizzy
nausea

5

What is low risk

indiiduals who are asymptomatic and meet no more than one risk factor

6

what is moderate risk

those w/ 2 or more risk factors

7

what is high risk

Those w/ 1 or more signs/symptoms listed in or known cardiovascular, pulmonary, or meabolic disease

8

Interventions for CAD

Meds
PTCA
PTCA w/ stent
CABG
Valve replacement/reconstruction
LVAD
Transplant

9

What is phase 1 of cardiac rehab

inpt
self care, early mob, edu
3-5 days
phys reffered
ins reimbursed

10

Phase II cardiac rehab

outpt
increase endurance, strength, return towork, edu, risk factor intervention, telemetry monitoring
BCBS-12 visits
Medicare- 36 visits
Phys reffered
ins reimbursed

11

pahse III cardiac rehab

out pt
increase endurance, strength ,edu, risk factor intervention, ongoin lifetime behavior
unlimited visits
phys referral not necessary
self pay

12

What are components of an exercise prescription

frequency
intensity
duration/time
mode/type
volume
progression
(FITT-VP)

13

What is type/mode

any mode which utilizes the larger muscles of the body for a continuous period of time

14

What to consider in type/mode

tpe of intervention
tolernace ad comfort
muscular-skeletal limitations
accessibility
enjoyment

15

What to consider in intensity

METS
RPE

16

WHat is a met

metabolic equivalent
1 met= 3.5 ml kg
1 met= typical resting oxygen consumption

17

What is RPE based on

Heart rate responses number x 10

18

What rate is generally used for clinical population

11-13

19

What rate is generally used for the typical population

11-16

20

What is low VO2

21

What is moderate VO2

40-59%

22

What is high VO2

>60%

23

What is the VO2 formula

[(VO2max-VO2rest) (%)] +VO2rest

24

What is the Karvonen formula

[(HR max- HR rest) (%)] + HR rest

25

What should you work up to for time

30 min of continuous or intermittent exercise

26

what to do for progression

gradual, typically increasing duration prior to intensity

27

What is obesity defined as

BMI of 30 or higher