Flashcards in Alexander II Deck (17):
Give details on educational reforms
-Promotion of private schools
-Setting up of inspection system
-More places were available
-No. of pupils attending secondary schools doubled from 1855 to 1865
-Universities given more autonomy
-Overhaul of the curriculum
-Schools run by Zemstva
When was he in power?
When was the Crimean war?
What was he nicknamed as?
When did he emancipate the serfs?
List some of his characteristics
-Knew languages, studied a modern curriculum
-Well travelled-toured Siberia and met political exiles
-Convinced a liberal rule was necessary
Why did he emancipate the serfs?
-Reduce peasant revolts
-'Better to abolish serfdom from above'
What were the key terms of serf emancipation?
-Serf to inherit land they worked
-Serfs would pay 'redemption dues' over a period of 49 years to buy land
-Free to marry without interference
-Could use the law courts
-Domestic serfs didn't receive land under terms
-Landowners given compensation for lost land.
What happened in 1866?
First attempt to assassinate Tsar
When was the 'Trial of 50' and what did it show?
-A trial of his political opponents
-That he was willing to carry on tradition of autocracy with a firm hand
When was he assassinated?
When was the Zemstva introduced and what did it do?
-Set up to express the view of rural people at local level.
-Members elected by property qualification.
How was the justice system reformed?
-Jury system introduced
-Hierarchy of courts to deal with different cases more appropriately
What changes did he make in terms of censorship?
-New guidelines issued for publishers/ writers
-Greater freedom for individual expression
What were the details of military reforms?
-Better training of officers
-More humane treatment of troops
-Reduced period of service (25 to 15 years)
-Army became more professional
Give details on his attempts to modernise Russia
-Mikhail Reutern appointed Minister of Finance to attract foreign investment/technical expertise
-From 1862 to 1878 there was a sevenfold increase in amount of railway track
-Iron, coal, textiles expanded rapidly