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Flashcards in Alexander III Deck (12):
1

What adjustments were made to the education system in 1884?

-Lower class children banned from secondary schools
-Autonomy of universities reduced
-Elections to university councils scrapped

2

Who was executed in 1887?

-Lenin's brother and 4 others
-Epitomised his repressiveness

3

What were Land Captains?

-1889
-Individuals given job of monitoring/controlling peasants

4

When was he in power?

1881-1894

5

What affect did his father's assassination have?

-He 'reacted' to his father's liberal policies
-Many reforms were reversed/altered
-He did however introduce some positive economic measures

6

Who was finance minister?

-Sergei Witte

7

List some of his characteristics

-Read widely: cultivated & artistic
-Held up rood of carriage in railway accident
-Determined to uphold autocracy
-Played French horn
-Commanded forces in Russo-Turkish war

8

Give details of his successful economic reforms

-Salt Tax (1881) and Poll Tax (1886) abolished, which was relief for peasants
-Success in balancing gov. budget
-Accumulation of surplus income through Mendeleev tariff

9

What was the Peasant Land Bank?

1883
-Established to provide cheap loans for the purchase of land.

10

What was Russification?

-Aimed to transform peoples of Russian Empire into 'pure' Russians
-Hoped it would prevent discontent amongst minority groups
-Jews targeted though pogroms.

11

What was the Statute of State Security?

1881
-Banned meetings
-Dismissal of liberal judges
-Extensive powers given to police
-Inter-ministerial committee could convict anyone to exile for political crimes, without trial.

12

Describe the 1891 famine

-Hit 17 of Russia's 39 provinces
-Early winter followed by not dry summer ruined crops
-To raise revenue they heavily taxed consumer goods
-To afford what they deeded the peasants were forced to sell more grain which let them with no corn reserves
-350,000 died of starvation.