Flashcards in Lenin Deck (13):
When was he in power?
List his characteristics
-Son of provincial school inspector
-Studied law/history at St Petersburg uni
Summarise his reign
-At first his policies directed at confronting opposition/dealing with effects of WW1- went to consolidate Bolshevik power and attempted to win acceptance for the new regime.
What did he do in October 1917?
-Led Bolsheviks in overthrowing P.G but allowed elections to occur for C.A
What did he introduce in Nov 1917?
State Capitalism before a 'Dictatorship of proletariat could be established'
Which policies reinforced State Capitalism?
-Nov 1917= Decree on Land
-Nov 1918= Decree on Workers Control
-Dec 1917= Supreme Economic Council formed which controlled means of production, distribution & exchange.
How many nationalised businesses were there by 1920?
What was War Communism?
-To win the civil war Lenin focused on economy
-Nationalisation of large enterprises
-State monopoly of markets for goods and services
-Forced requisitioning of agricultural produce
-Cheka (secret police) used to enforce it
What were the effects of war communism?
-Huge decline in no. of industrial workers
-Huge falls in production
What was Sovnarkom
-The Soviet of Peoples' Commisars set up in 1917, consisted of elected members who were given government responsibilities.
What was the RSFSR?
-Another new organ of gov. run by All-Russian Congress of Soviets, Central Committee and Sovnarkom- Bolsheviks still dominated
What was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk?
-Signed in March 1918, ended Russia's involvement in ww1